499 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ablation of STAT3 in Purkinje cells reorganizes cerebellar synaptic plasticity in long-term fear memory network

    Jeong-Kyu Han et al.
    Cerebellar STAT3 is indispensable for proper expression of fear memory network processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Longitudinal stability of medial temporal lobe connectivity is associated with tau-related memory decline

    Quanjing Chen et al.
    Phosphorylated tau was related to a loss of structural stability in medial temporal lobe connectivity, and this loss of stability moderated the relationship between phosphorylated tau accumulation and memory decline.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit and synaptic organization of forebrain-to-midbrain pathways that promote and suppress vocalization

    Valerie Michael et al.
    Inhibitory neurons in the hypothalamus and amygdala push and pull on the midbrain vocal gating circuit to trigger and suppress ultrasonic vocalization (USV) production in the mouse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Common cell type nomenclature for the mammalian brain

    Jeremy A Miller et al.
    A new nomenclature convention for mammalian cell types utilizing shared taxonomies and quantitative cell features is applied to high-quality, open data from the mouse and human brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Abstract rules drive adaptation in the subcortical sensory pathway

    Alejandro Tabas et al.
    Representations in the subcortical sensory pathway do not only adapt to stimulus properties but also rely on the observer’s subjective model of the world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-contrast anatomical subcortical structures parcellation

    Pierre-Louis Bazin et al.
    An open-source software tool enables the anatomical parcellation of an unprecedented number of subcortical structures in magnetic resonance images of the human brain, automatically and in individual subjects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct temporal difference error signals in dopamine axons in three regions of the striatum in a decision-making task

    Iku Tsutsui-Kimura et al.
    Dopamine signals in the ventral, dorsomedial, and dorsolateral striatum are modulated by various variables, such as stimulus-associated value, choice, confidence, but these modulations can be inclusively explained by TD errors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disruption of Nrxn1α within excitatory forebrain circuits drives value-based dysfunction

    Opeyemi O Alabi et al.
    Disruption of the disease-associated synaptic adhesion molecule Neurexin1a in cortical excitatory neurons perturbs decision making and disrupts value-associated neural activity in downstream striatal circuits.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cellular birthdate predicts laminar and regional cholinergic projection topography in the forebrain

    Kathryn C Allaway et al.
    Cholinergic populations with distinct cellular birthdates innervate deep versus superficial layers of the cortex with exquisite specificity.

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