1,644 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health
    3. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    4. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary Medicine: A Special Issue

    Edited by George H Perry et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the growing and increasingly interdisciplinary field of evolutionary medicine.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural analysis of the Legionella pneumophila Dot/Icm type IV secretion system core complex

    Clarissa L Durie et al.
    The structure of the Legionella pneumophilaType IV secretion system provides the detailed molecular model of this complex molecular machine required for pathogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dissecting the phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of mouse inflammatory osteoclasts by the expression of Cx3cr1

    Maria-Bernadette Madel et al.
    Osteoclasts emerging in inflammation are heterogeneous and encompass a strongly inflammatory subset with a high resorbing activity and an immune suppressive subset that are able to control each other.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Downsizing the molecular spring of the giant protein titin reveals that skeletal muscle titin determines passive stiffness and drives longitudinal hypertrophy

    Ambjorn Brynnel et al.
    Genetically altering the size of the molecular spring element in the giant protein titin established that titin determines the stiffness of skeletal muscle and the number of sarcomeres in series.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Astrin-SKAP complex reconstitution reveals its kinetochore interaction with microtubule-bound Ndc80

    David M Kern et al.
    Biochemical and cell biological analyses reveal that the Astrin-SKAP complex acts to stabilize kinetochore-microtubule interactions through its intrinsic microtubule binding activity and its association with the Ndc80 complex, the core component of the kinetochore-microtubule interface.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Chd1 chromatin remodeler shifts hexasomes unidirectionally

    Robert F Levendosky et al.
    Oriented hexasomes can be generated using the Widom 601 positioning sequence, which enables straightforward production of nucleosomes with asymmetrically modified H2A/H2B dimers.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Expanding xylose metabolism in yeast for plant cell wall conversion to biofuels

    Xin Li et al.
    Parallel pathways of xylose metabolism identified in fungi that grow on plants can be used in yeast to promote hemicellulose conversion to biofuels.

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