473 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Myogenin controls via AKAP6 non-centrosomal microtubule-organizing center formation at the nuclear envelope

    Robert Becker et al.
    Myogenin promotes centrosome attenuation and establishes the nuclear envelope as the dominant microtubule organization center via the scaffold protein AKAP6, which is required for the recruitment of centrosomal proteins.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Evolution of irreversible somatic differentiation

    Yuanxiao Gao et al.
    Irreversible differentiation into somatic cells is evolutionarily optimal if changing cell phenotype is costly, a few somatic cells already improve the organism's performance, and the organism is large enough.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    SMA-miRs (miR-181a-5p, -324-5p, and -451a) are overexpressed in spinal muscular atrophy skeletal muscle and serum samples

    Emanuela Abiusi et al.
    The identification of SMA-miR supports the pathogenic role of skeletal muscle in spinal muscular atrophy and, integrated in the SMA-score, may help to improve the phenotypic prediction for patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Diverse inhibitory projections from the cerebellar interposed nucleus

    Elena N Judd et al.
    Inhibitory cerebellar feedback to the inferior olive is central to computational models of learning, but novel targets of these neurons identified here expand their potential roles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporo-cerebellar connectivity underlies timing constraints in audition

    Anika Stockert et al.
    With unique lesion-informed tractography, left hemisphere temporo-cerebellar structural connectivity has been established, supporting rapid auditory transmission and cortical functional lateralization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Autonomous clocks that regulate organelle biogenesis, cytoskeletal organization, and intracellular dynamics

    Mohammad Mofatteh et al.
    Latest advances in biological timing studies substantiate an emerging concept of autonomous clocks that are normally entrained by the cell cycle and/or the circadian clock to run in synchrony, but have evolved to run independently to regulate different cellular events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dendritic osmosensors modulate activity-induced calcium influx in oxytocinergic magnocellular neurons of the mouse PVN

    Wanhui Sheng et al.
    Activity-induced dendritic calcium influx in oxytocinergic magnocellular neurons can be robustly modulated by a highly diverse set of stimuli acting on distinct types of ion channels expressed along the dendritic membrane.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Inequalities in the distribution of National Institutes of Health research project grant funding

    Michael S Lauer, Deepshikha Roychowdhury
    Funding inequalities for NIH-supported research project grant investigators and organizations have increased over the past 25 years, but have modestly decreased over the past 3 years.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial pannexin 1–TRPV4 channel signaling lowers pulmonary arterial pressure in mice

    Zdravka Daneva et al.
    Endothelial pannexin 1-P2Y2 purinergic receptor-TRPV4 channel signaling, facilitated by caveolin-1, is a novel pathway for lowering pulmonary arterial pressure.

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