250 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis I chromosome segregation is established through regulation of microtubule–kinetochore interactions

    Matthew P Miller et al.
    Preventing premature interactions between microtubules and protein-based structures called kinetochores ensures that chromosomes are segregated by meiosis rather than mitosis in reproductive cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitotic spindle scaling during Xenopus development by kif2a and importin α

    Jeremy D Wilbur, Rebecca Heald
    An interaction between two proteins enables the spindle—the structure that segregates chromosome pairs during mitosis—to change size as cells divide.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitosis: Developing cell biology

    Daniel Needleman
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Cytoplasmic dynein crosslinks and slides anti-parallel microtubules using its two motor domains

    Marvin E Tanenbaum et al.
    The motor domains of dynein are sufficient to crosslink microtubules and slide them antiparallel to each other.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Crystal structures of the CPAP/STIL complex reveal its role in centriole assembly and human microcephaly

    Matthew A Cottee et al.
    Structural analyses of the centriole proteins CPAP and STIL identify domains that are critical for centriole formation and provide a structural explanation for a mutation that causes human microcephaly.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Nanoscale protein architecture of the kidney glomerular basement membrane

    Hani Suleiman et al.
    High-resolution optical microscopy is used to reveal the organization of extracellular matrix proteins within the basement membrane of the blood filtration barrier in the kidney at the nanometer scale.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Meier-Gorlin syndrome mutation in a conserved C-terminal helix of Orc6 impedes origin recognition complex formation

    Franziska Bleichert et al.
    Electron microscopy uncovers the structure of the origin recognition complex (ORC) in metazoans, and reveals how mutations in the ORC6 subunit lead to Meier-Gorlin syndrome in humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    PTRN-1, a microtubule minus end-binding CAMSAP homolog, promotes microtubule function in Caenorhabditis elegans neurons

    Claire E Richardson et al.
    The protein PTRN-1 anchors microtubules in neuronal branches to promote proper neuron morphology and function in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the SAS-6 cartwheel hub from Leishmania major

    Mark van Breugel et al.
    The X-ray structure of the SAS-6 cartwheel hub from Leishmania major demonstrates that SAS-6 can be sufficient to determine centriolar cartwheel symmetry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct structural and catalytic roles for Zap70 in formation of the immunological synapse in CTL

    Misty R Jenkins et al.
    Inhibition of the catalytic activity of the Zap70 kinase reveals that discrete TCR-regulated events control the remodelling of the actin cytoskeleton when the cytotoxic T cell interacts with its target.

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