2,730 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The developmental relationship between teeth and dermal odontodes in the most primitive bony fish Lophosteus

    Donglei Chen et al.
    Teeth and dermal odontodes diverge from the same set of founder odontodes, demonstrating they are modified subsets of the same system, and both oral and dermal epithelial have patterning capacity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Instructed knowledge shapes feedback-driven aversive learning in striatum and orbitofrontal cortex, but not the amygdala

    Lauren Y Atlas et al.
    While the striatum and orbitofrontal cortex learn about threats through verbal warnings, the amygdala learns only from direct experience, suggesting that the amygdala forms part of a specialized threat detection system.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    lncRNA requirements for mouse acute myeloid leukemia and normal differentiation

    M Joaquina Delás et al.
    A comprehensive analysis of long noncoding RNAs in the hematopoietic system reveals their dynamic regulation and a loss-of-function screen identifies some required for leukemia progression and involved in normal myeloid differentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.
    1. Ecology

    Biophysical and physiological processes causing oxygen loss from coral reefs

    Cynthia B Silveira et al.
    Coral reef heterotrophic bacteria and fleshy macroalgae cause oxygen loss from reef systems through microbial biomass accumulation and ebullition from algae surfaces.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Spatio-temporal control of mutualism in legumes helps spread symbiotic nitrogen fixation

    Benoit Daubech et al.
    Experiments and mathematical modelling show that rare nitrogen fixing symbionts invade a population dominated by non-fixing bacteria across plant generations, above a threshold of a combination of ecological factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serial grouping of 2D-image regions with object-based attention in humans

    Danique Jeurissen et al.
    The human visual system groups the individual features of objects together into a coherent whole via a serial, attention-demanding process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wiring variations that enable and constrain neural computation in a sensory microcircuit

    William F Tobin et al.
    Systematic and coordinated variations in morphology and connectivity can structurally tune a microcircuit's computation but non-systematic variably also exists, imparting "connection noise" that potentially limits processing performance.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Discovery and characterization of Hv1-type proton channels in reef-building corals

    Gisela Rangel-Yescas et al.
    Proton channels are present in reef-building corals and constitute important molecular players that should help understand calcification and the response of these organisms to ocean acidification.

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