37 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Modular output circuits of the fastigial nucleus for diverse motor and nonmotor functions of the cerebellar vermis

    Hirofumi Fujita et al.
    Medial cerebellar nucleus comprises five major types of excitatory projection neurons differentially connected with specific subsets of inferior olive neurons, Purkinje cells, and somatomotor, oromotor, positional-autonomic, orienting and arousal circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain: Decoding the infrastructure of the cerebellum

    Willem S van Hoogstraten, Chris I De Zeeuw
    High-end technical approaches help to untangle the substructure and projection patterns of the cerebellum.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ciliary neuropeptidergic signaling dynamically regulates excitatory synapses in postnatal neocortical pyramidal neurons

    Lauren Tereshko et al.
    Neuropeptidergic signaling via cilia-localized receptors dynamically regulates excitatory synaptic drive in postnatal rat neocortical pyramidal neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPTX2 and cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mei-Fang Xiao et al.
    Dysfunction of pyramidal neuron-PV interneuron circuits contributes to cognitive failure in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Trisomy 21 consistently activates the interferon response

    Kelly D Sullivan et al.
    Hyperactive interferon signaling is a hallmark of trisomy 21 and may contribute to many of the comorbidities associated with Down syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    RGS7/Gβ5/R7BP complex regulates synaptic plasticity and memory by modulating hippocampal GABABR-GIRK signaling

    Olga Ostrovskaya et al.
    A critical regulator of inhibitory neurotransmitter signaling in the hippocampus has been identified in experiments on mice and been shown to play essential role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deleting Mecp2 from the cerebellum rather than its neuronal subtypes causes a delay in motor learning in mice

    Nathan P Achilly et al.
    The loss of Mecp2 results in cerebellar dysfunction that contributes to the motor deficits in Rett syndrome.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A non-mosaic transchromosomic mouse model of Down syndrome carrying the long arm of human chromosome 21

    Yasuhiro Kazuki et al.
    TcMAC21 is an appropriate “next gen” mouse model for DS research, and provides a proof of concept of using artificial chromosomes to generate non-mosaic humanized animal models of chromosome disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain delivery of an instability-prone Mecp2 transgene improves behavioral and molecular pathological defects in mouse models of Rett syndrome

    Mirko Luoni et al.
    Global brain transduction of the instability-prone Mecp2 transgene by systemic AAV-PHP.eB administration is safe and effective in protecting male and female Mecp2 mutant mice from the Rett syndrome disease phenotype.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defective synaptic transmission causes disease signs in a mouse model of juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis

    Benedikt Grünewald et al.
    Impaired GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic function and loss of interneurons in the amygdala, hippocampus, and cerebellum cause characteristic disease symptoms in a mouse model juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.

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