164 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modules operate at different frequencies

    Haibo Zhou et al.
    Zebrin-positive cerebellar Purkinje cells fire at lower frequencies than zebrin-negative cells, indicating that cerebellar circuits are not physiologically homogeneous.
    1. Neuroscience

    TRPC3 is a major contributor to functional heterogeneity of cerebellar Purkinje cells

    Bin Wu et al.
    Purkinje cells feature molecular heterogeneity that introduces differentiation in physiological properties between zebrin-identified cerebellar modules and thereby underlies the differential control on sensorimotor integration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electric field causes volumetric changes in the human brain

    Miklos Argyelan et al.
    The electroconvulsive therapy induced electric field magnitude and laterality is related to volumetric increases in cortical and subcortical structures, but the association with clinical outcomes remains elusive.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical and physiological foundations of cerebello-hippocampal interaction

    Thomas Charles Watson et al.
    Anatomical tracing and physiological recordings reveal neuronal pathways through which the cerebellum may influence hippocampal activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    NINscope, a versatile miniscope for multi-region circuit investigations

    Andres de Groot et al.
    A light-weight, compact and open-source miniaturized fluorescence microscope integrates dual region brain imaging, optogenetic stimulation and behavioral parsing using an accelerometer.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar nuclei excitatory neurons regulate developmental scaling of presynaptic Purkinje cell number and organ growth

    Ryan T Willett et al.
    The first born excitatory cerebellar nuclei neurons influence the survival of their Purkinje cell partners which stimulate the expansion of granule cells and interneurons to produce functional local circuits.

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