431 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: The cerebellum influences vocal timing

    Court Hull
    We are starting to understand how the cerebellum contributes to vocal learning in songbirds.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: How the cerebellum learns to build a sequence

    Reza Shadmehr
    Rabbits can learn the biological analogue of a simple recursive function by relying only on the neurons of the cerebellum.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deregulated FGF and homeotic gene expression underlies cerebellar vermis hypoplasia in CHARGE syndrome

    Tian Yu et al.
    Mutations in CHD7, which cause CHARGE syndrome, cause a reduction in FGF8 signalling and subsequent abnormalities in the cerebellar vermis in both mice and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cerebellar folding is initiated by mechanical constraints on a fluid-like layer without a cellular pre-pattern

    Andrew K Lawton et al.
    A multi-phase wrinkling model accounts for the radial and circumferential tension and differential expansion between a uniformly proliferating outer fluid-like layer and an incompressible core that together drive cerebellar folding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multimodal sensory integration in single cerebellar granule cells in vivo

    Taro Ishikawa et al.
    Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2013), it is shown that single granule cells receive excitatory synaptic input driven by up to three separate sensory modalities in vivo, which demonstrate that individual neurons can contribute to multisensory integration at the input layer of the cerebellar cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiplexed coding by cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Sungho Hong et al.
    Cerebellar Purkinje neurons use a multiplexed simple spike code combining synchrony/spike time and firing rate, with each component encoding distinct information about movements such as motion onset timing and kinematics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic representation of locomotion in single cerebellar granule cells

    Kate Powell et al.
    The first patch-clamp recordings from single cerebellar granule cells during locomotion reveal that the entire step sequence can be predicted from both excitatory synaptic input and output spikes from a single neuron.
    1. Neuroscience

    Occurrence of long-term depression in the cerebellar flocculus during adaptation of optokinetic response

    Takuma Inoshita, Tomoo Hirano
    Motor training decreased the unit synaptic response and suppressed induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum, supporting involvement of long-term depression in motor learning.

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