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    1. Neuroscience

    Multimodal sensory integration in single cerebellar granule cells in vivo

    Taro Ishikawa et al.
    Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2013), it is shown that single granule cells receive excitatory synaptic input driven by up to three separate sensory modalities in vivo, which demonstrate that individual neurons can contribute to multisensory integration at the input layer of the cerebellar cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deregulated FGF and homeotic gene expression underlies cerebellar vermis hypoplasia in CHARGE syndrome

    Tian Yu et al.
    Mutations in CHD7, which cause CHARGE syndrome, cause a reduction in FGF8 signalling and subsequent abnormalities in the cerebellar vermis in both mice and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar Purkinje cell activity modulates aggressive behavior

    Skyler L Jackman et al.
    Optogenetic control of Purkinje cells in the cerebellar vermis enables bidirectional control of aggression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar Purkinje cells control eye movements with a rapid rate code that is invariant to spike irregularity

    Hannah L Payne et al.
    Patterned optogenetic stimulation and analysis of neural activity provide convergent evidence that cerebellar Purkinje cells drive eye movements with a rapid rate code, without an additional contribution of spike irregularity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Short-term plasticity at cerebellar granule cell to molecular layer interneuron synapses expands information processing

    Kevin Dorgans et al.
    Molecular, structural and functional diversity of cerebellar granule cell inputs on single molecular layer interneurons extends information processing in feed-forward inhibition microcircuits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Specification of diverse cell types during early neurogenesis of the mouse cerebellum

    John W Wizeman et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing resolves inter- and intra-population heterogeneity, identifies rare cell types, and reconstructs specification trajectories during early neurogenesis of the mouse cerebellum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Potentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells facilitates whisker reflex adaptation through increased simple spike activity

    Vincenzo Romano et al.
    Physiological and behavioral analyses show that expression of cerebellar whisker learning can be mediated by increased simple spike activity, depending on LTP induction at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normal cognitive and social development require posterior cerebellar activity

    Aleksandra Badura et al.
    Social and cognitive functions require normal activity during development of the posterior cerebellum.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subcortical circuit linking the cerebellum to the basal ganglia engaged in vocal learning

    Ludivine Pidoux et al.
    The cerebellum sends a functional input to the song-related basal ganglia via the thalamus in songbirds that can modify premotor activity, and it participates to song learning in juvenile birds.