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    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar patients have intact feedback control that can be leveraged to improve reaching

    Amanda M Zimmet et al.
    A control system model of cerebellar patients' movements provides insight into the cerebellum's role in reaching and informs a virtual reality intervention to improve patient reaches.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disrupting cortico-cerebellar communication impairs dexterity

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    The flow of neural activity across the cortico-cerebellar loop enables mice to reach for objects with skill and precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purkinje cell outputs selectively inhibit a subset of unipolar brush cells in the input layer of the cerebellar cortex

    Chong Guo et al.
    Purkinje cell collaterals regulate processing in the input layer of the cerebellum by providing fast stochastic GABAA-mediated and slow GABAB-mediated inhibition to a specialized subset of unipolar brush cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiplexed coding by cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Sungho Hong et al.
    Cerebellar Purkinje neurons use a multiplexed simple spike code combining synchrony/spike time and firing rate, with each component encoding distinct information about movements such as motion onset timing and kinematics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic representation of locomotion in single cerebellar granule cells

    Kate Powell et al.
    The first patch-clamp recordings from single cerebellar granule cells during locomotion reveal that the entire step sequence can be predicted from both excitatory synaptic input and output spikes from a single neuron.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deregulated FGF and homeotic gene expression underlies cerebellar vermis hypoplasia in CHARGE syndrome

    Tian Yu et al.
    Mutations in CHD7, which cause CHARGE syndrome, cause a reduction in FGF8 signalling and subsequent abnormalities in the cerebellar vermis in both mice and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subcortical circuit linking the cerebellum to the basal ganglia engaged in vocal learning

    Ludivine Pidoux et al.
    The cerebellum sends a functional input to the song-related basal ganglia via the thalamus in songbirds that can modify premotor activity, and it participates to song learning in juvenile birds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Potentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells facilitates whisker reflex adaptation through increased simple spike activity

    Vincenzo Romano et al.
    Physiological and behavioral analyses show that expression of cerebellar whisker learning can be mediated by increased simple spike activity, depending on LTP induction at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses.