328 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanistic insights into a TIMP3-sensitive pathway constitutively engaged in the regulation of cerebral hemodynamics

    Carmen Capone et al.
    Extracellular matrix signaling constitutively regulates cerebral blood flow in both physiological and pathological settings.
    1. Neuroscience

    More homogeneous capillary flow and oxygenation in deeper cortical layers correlate with increased oxygen extraction

    Baoqiang Li et al.
    Resting-state capillary blood flow and oxygenation are more homogeneous in the deeper cortical layers, underpinning an important mechanism by which the microvascular network adapts to an increased local oxidative metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebral blood flow and cerebrovascular reactivity are preserved in a mouse model of cerebral microvascular amyloidosis

    Leon P Munting et al.
    The causal link between capillary amyloid‑β accumulation in the brain and cerebrovascular dysfunction, previously established in the Tg‑SwDI mouse model, is to be mitigated and remains to be fully uncovered.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Abortive intussusceptive angiogenesis causes multi-cavernous vascular malformations

    Wenqing Li et al.
    Genetic studies reveal that mosaic inactivation of ccm2 causes characteristic cerebral cavernous malformations in adult zebrafish and aberrant responses to blood flow that induce the formation of a lethal embryonic multi-cavernous venous malformation.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo imaging with a water immersion objective affects brain temperature, blood flow and oxygenation

    Morgane Roche et al.
    Brain temperature and oxygenation vary according to the imaging conditions during two-photon microscopy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purinergic regulation of vascular tone in the retrotrapezoid nucleus is specialized to support the drive to breathe

    Virginia E Hawkins et al.
    CO2/H+-dependent purinergic signaling by astrocytes provides specialized control of vascular tone in a brainstem respiratory center in a manner that contributes to respiratory behavior.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    PTPRG is an ischemia risk locus essential for HCO3-dependent regulation of endothelial function and tissue perfusion

    Kristoffer B Hansen et al.
    HCO3-sensitive regulation of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase RPTPγ provides a novel mechanism for acid-base-mediated coordination of cerebrovascular perfusion during increased local metabolism and for protection against ischemia.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Heg1 and Ccm1/2 proteins control endocardial mechanosensitivity during zebrafish valvulogenesis

    Stefan Donat et al.
    The cerebral cavernous malformations complex is controlled in a blood-flow sensitive manner and affects cardiac valve leaflet morphogenesis by regulating the expression of Klf2 and of Notch signalling activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.

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