674 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Gyrification of the cerebral cortex requires FGF signaling in the mammalian brain

    Naoyuki Matsumoto et al.
    FGF signaling is crucial for gyrus formation, proliferation of outer radial glial cells and expansion of upper layers of the cerebral cortex in gyrencephalic mammals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Differences and similarities between human and chimpanzee neural progenitors during cerebral cortex development

    Felipe Mora-Bermúdez et al.
    Neural progenitors in humans and chimpanzee organoids show remarkably similar cellular and molecular parameters, but metaphase is longer during human mitosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Electrical activity controls area-specific expression of neuronal apoptosis in the mouse developing cerebral cortex

    Oriane Blanquie et al.
    In the developing mouse, the regional distribution of neuronal apoptosis in the primary motor cortex and primary somatosensory cortex is controlled by sensory-driven and intrinsic electrical activity patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type specificity of neurovascular coupling in cerebral cortex

    Hana Uhlirova et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory cortical neurons drive parallel vasodilatory pathways, while vasoconstriction is mediated exclusively by inhibition acting via Neuropeptide Y binding to Y1 receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A stochastic framework of neurogenesis underlies the assembly of neocortical cytoarchitecture

    Alfredo Llorca et al.
    The specification of a very small number of progenitor cells with competence to adapt their neurogenic output to different probabilistic rules underlies the generation of distinct cortical cytoarchitectures.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The scaffold protein Nde1 safeguards the brain genome during S phase of early neural progenitor differentiation

    Shauna L Houlihan, Yuanyi Feng
    Differentiation-specific maintenance of genome integrity during S-phase is essential for establishing both the structure and function of the cerebral cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Remyelination alters the pattern of myelin in the cerebral cortex

    Jennifer Orthmann-Murphy et al.
    Regeneration of oligodendrocytes in the cerebral cortex results in reorganization of the pattern of myelination, potentially impacting information processing within cortical networks in diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Time-dependent cytokine and chemokine changes in mouse cerebral cortex following a mild traumatic brain injury

    David Tweedie et al.
    Protein changes in cerebral cortex following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) identified herein will help in the development of monitoring and response biomarkers that may translate to clinical mTBI.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subcellular sorting of neuregulins controls the assembly of excitatory-inhibitory cortical circuits

    David Exposito-Alonso et al.
    Neuregulins control the integration of specific excitatory and inhibitory synapses through subcellular sorting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.

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