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    1. Neuroscience

    More homogeneous capillary flow and oxygenation in deeper cortical layers correlate with increased oxygen extraction

    Baoqiang Li et al.
    Resting-state capillary blood flow and oxygenation are more homogeneous in the deeper cortical layers, underpinning an important mechanism by which the microvascular network adapts to an increased local oxidative metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A mutant with bilateral whisker to barrel inputs unveils somatosensory mapping rules in the cerebral cortex

    Nicolas Renier et al.
    The somatosensory cortex doesn't integrate mixed bilateral inputs, as partially uncrossing projections from the whiskers duplicates their representation by segregating lateralized inputs from each side of the head.
    1. Neuroscience

    A discrete subtype of neural progenitor crucial for cortical folding in the gyrencephalic mammalian brain

    Naoyuki Matsumoto et al.
    Sonic hedgehog signaling is crucial for the self-renewal of outer radial glial cells and gyrus formation of the cerebral cortex in gyrencephalic mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    eIF2B activator prevents neurological defects caused by a chronic integrated stress response

    Yao Liang Wong et al.
    Boosting the function of translation factor eIF2B by chronic small molecule administration prevents pathology in a neurodegenerative model of Vanishing White Matter disease characterized by a maladaptive stress response.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Analogous mechanism regulating formation of neocortical basal radial glia and cerebellar Bergmann glia

    Xin Heng et al.
    Genome-wide transcriptional profiling and genetic analyses reveal conserved mechanisms underlying the generation of neocortical basal radial glia and cerebellar Bergmann glia.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynEM, automated synapse detection for connectomics

    Benedikt Staffler et al.
    The detection of chemical synapses in 3-dimensional electron microscopy data has been automated such that synapses in large-scale connectivity maps of the cerebral cortex, connectomes, can be charted without the need for human interaction.
    1. Neuroscience

    A frontal cortex event-related potential driven by the basal forebrain

    David P Nguyen, Shih-Chieh Lin
    Contrary to the common belief that cognitive event-related potentials are generated by local activity within the cerebral cortex, it is shown that some of these potentials are modulated by subcortical inputs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Upregulation of neurovascular communication through filamin abrogation promotes ectopic periventricular neurogenesis

    Shauna L Houlihan et al.
    Analyses based on the mouse model of a human genetic disease reveal that the neuron production of cerebral tissue can be boosted by escalated signaling between neural progenitors and the vasculature.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A transient role of the ciliary gene Inpp5e in controlling direct versus indirect neurogenesis in cortical development

    Kerstin Hasenpusch-Theil et al.
    Primary-cilia-mediated processing of the Gli3 transcription factor enables the formation of subtypes of projection neurons in appropriate numbers during the development of the cerebral cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    REV-ERBα mediates complement expression and diurnal regulation of microglial synaptic phagocytosis

    Percy Griffin et al.
    The BMAL1-REV-ERB axis controls expression of complement C4b expression and microglial synaptic phagoctyosis, providing a link between cellular circadian clock function and synaptic regulation.