25 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms of hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neurons and cerebral organoids vs isogenic controls

    Swagata Ghatak et al.
    Increased excitation and decreased inhibition associated with abnormal neuronal morphology, aberrant ion channel properties, and synaptic dysfunction contribute to hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures and cerebral organoids.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Differences and similarities between human and chimpanzee neural progenitors during cerebral cortex development

    Felipe Mora-Bermúdez et al.
    Neural progenitors in humans and chimpanzee organoids show remarkably similar cellular and molecular parameters, but metaphase is longer during human mitosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A tunable refractive index matching medium for live imaging cells, tissues and model organisms

    Tobias Boothe et al.
    Iodixanol supplementation provides a simple method for tuning the refractive index of live imaging media, which can greatly improve resolution and penetration depth in live imaging experiments.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Comparison of induced neurons reveals slower structural and functional maturation in humans than in apes

    Maria Schörnig et al.
    Neurons mature slower in humans than in other non-human primates.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology and migration of outer radial glia in developing human cortex

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology of a human-enriched neural stem cell population and thus contributes to the radial architecture of the developing human cortex with implications for neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Unsupervised machine learning reveals risk stratifying glioblastoma tumor cells

    Nalin Leelatian et al.
    A new automated and unsupervised algorithm, Risk Assessment Population IDentification, identifies risk-stratifying cells in single cell datasets with robust statistical and biological validation.
    1. Cell Biology

    A pathway for Parkinson’s Disease LRRK2 kinase to block primary cilia and Sonic hedgehog signaling in the brain

    Herschel S Dhekne et al.
    Pathogenic LRRK2kinase requires Rab10 and RILPL1 to block primary cilia formation, shortening cilia on cholinergic neurons needed for a hedgehog driven circuit that supports dopaminergic neurons in mouse brain.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The diversity and function of sourdough starter microbiomes

    Elizabeth A Landis et al.
    In the most comprehensive survey of sourdough starter biodiversity, this work identifies processes that control the diversity and function of sourdough microbiomes at a continental scale.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Telophase correction refines division orientation in stratified epithelia

    Kendall J Lough et al.
    Telophase reorientation corrects errors in spindle orientation that persist after imprecise initial spindle positioning during early mitosis, and contributes to balancing self-renewal with differentiation during epidermal development.

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