144 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Mechanistic insights into a TIMP3-sensitive pathway constitutively engaged in the regulation of cerebral hemodynamics

    Carmen Capone et al.
    Extracellular matrix signaling constitutively regulates cerebral blood flow in both physiological and pathological settings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Test of the 'glymphatic' hypothesis demonstrates diffusive and aquaporin-4-independent solute transport in rodent brain parenchyma

    Alex J Smith et al.
    Solute movement in brain extracellular space is determined by solute diffusion, and does not depend on convection or aquaporin-4 expression as predicted by the glymphatic mechanism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A randomised double blind placebo controlled phase 2 trial of adjunctive aspirin for tuberculous meningitis in HIV-uninfected adults

    Nguyen TH Mai et al.
    Adjunctive aspirin may reduce new brain infarcts and deaths in the first 60 days of treatment for HIV-uninfected adults with tuberculous meningitis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Fam20A reveals a pseudokinase featuring a unique disulfide pattern and inverted ATP-binding

    Jixin Cui et al.
    Fam20A, a pseudokinase involved in the formation of tooth enamel, binds ATP in an unexpected orientation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neural crest-specific deletion of Rbfox2 in mice leads to craniofacial abnormalities including cleft palate

    Dasan Mary Cibi et al.
    The identification of the splicing code and all the required components of alternative splicing will be crucial for a comprehensive understanding of this process in the neural crest cell biology.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Clearance of beta-amyloid is facilitated by apolipoprotein E and circulating high-density lipoproteins in bioengineered human vessels

    Jerome Robert et al.
    Modelling beta-amyloid deposition in bioengineered human vessels represents a notable advance to further investigate the role of the vasculature in Alzheimer's disease.

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