19 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Vascular control of the CO2/H+-dependent drive to breathe

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Understanding how loss of CO2/H+ vascular reactivity affects respiratory control may facilitate development of treatments for breathing problems in this population.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial cell-type-specific molecular requirements for angiogenesis drive fenestrated vessel development in the brain

    Sweta Parab et al.
    Identification of a developmental mechanism critical for the generation of brain vessel heterogeneity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Neuroprotective effects of TRPA1 channels in the cerebral endothelium following ischemic stroke

    Paulo Wagner Pires, Scott Earley
    Acute hypoxia activates TRPA1 channels in cerebral artery endothelial cells to activate an early adaptive response to reduce tissue ischemic damage through vasodilation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Epithelial cells supply Sonic Hedgehog to the perinatal dentate gyrus via transport by platelets

    Youngshik Choe et al.
    During development the Sonic Hedgehog protein is produced by epithelial structures and acts at a distance in the brain and perhaps in other organs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Catecholaminergic challenge uncovers distinct Pavlovian and instrumental mechanisms of motivated (in)action

    Jennifer C Swart et al.
    Motivational coupling of action to reward and inhibition to punishment is subserved by dissociable learning and choice processes, and is modulated by dopamine/noradrenaline transporter blockade.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Integrated transcriptomic and neuroimaging brain model decodes biological mechanisms in aging and Alzheimer’s disease

    Quadri Adewale et al.
    Identification of causal genes and their effects on other biological determinants untangles the complexities of aging and Alzheimer's and can facilitate drug discovery for sustaining healthy aging and treating Alzheimer's.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk of psychiatric disorders among the surviving twins after a co-twin loss

    Huan Song et al.
    A population-based analysis demonstrates that surviving twins who lose their co-twins by death are at considerably elevated risks of developing psychiatric disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Catecholaminergic modulation of meta-learning

    Jennifer L Cook et al.
    A human psychopharmacology study reveals that a drug that affects the dopamine and noradrenaline systems enhances people's ability to adapt their learning rate to suit the volatility of the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stomach-brain synchrony reveals a novel, delayed-connectivity resting-state network in humans

    Ignacio Rebollo et al.
    Coupling between the gastric rhythm and brain activity at rest reveals a novel resting-state network, characterized by delayed functional connectivity.

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