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    1. Cancer Biology

    Science Forum: Challenges in validating candidate therapeutic targets in cancer

    Jeffrey Settleman et al.
    More than 30 published articles have suggested that a protein kinase called MELK is an attractive therapeutic target in human cancer, but three recent reports describe compelling evidence that it is not.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell Biology: Make or break for mitochondria

    Catherine L Nezich, Richard J Youle
    Insight
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    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    The MBD7 complex promotes expression of methylated transgenes without significantly altering their methylation status

    Dongming Li et al.
    The METHYL-CpG-BINDING DOMAIN 7 (MBD7) complex promotes the activation (rather than repression) of transgenes that undergo DNA methylation and it does so without significantly altering their methylation status, placing this complex downstream of DNA methylation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The laminar organization of the Drosophila ellipsoid body is semaphorin-dependent and prevents the formation of ectopic synaptic connections

    Xiaojun Xie et al.
    The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
    1. Ecology

    Digitizing mass spectrometry data to explore the chemical diversity and distribution of marine cyanobacteria and algae

    Tal Luzzatto-Knaan et al.
    Mass spectrometry has potential as a tool for ecological studies and bioprospecting of natural products from marine cyanobacteria and algae.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of the 90S small subunit pre-ribosome

    Qi Sun et al.
    The nearly complete architecture of the gigantic 90S precursor of small ribosomal subunit is determined by cryo-EM.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatiotemporal regulation of autophagy during Caenorhabditis elegans aging

    Jessica T Chang et al.
    Autophagic flux assays in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans suggest that autophagy decreases during normal aging, whereas long-lived daf-2 and glp-1 mutants maintain autophagic capacity in distinct spatiotemporal-specific manners to extend lifespan.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Fluorescent sensors reporting the activity of ammonium transceptors in live cells

    Roberto De Michele et al.
    A modified form of Green Fluorescent Protein integrated into an ammonium transporter provides a sensor that can be used to monitor transport activity in vivo.