50 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Chemogenetic inhibition of the medial prefrontal cortex reverses the effects of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption

    Kristopher McEown et al.
    Loss of REM sleep increases sucrose and fat consumption in mice; and inhibiting the prefrontal cortex reverses the increased consumption of sucrose, but not fat, following REM sleep loss.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Autoresuscitation: The central role of serotonin

    Gary C Mouradian, Matthew R Hodges
    The neurotransmitter serotonin helps to co-ordinate the respiratory and cardiovascular responses of newborns to oxygen deprivation.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normal cognitive and social development require posterior cerebellar activity

    Aleksandra Badura et al.
    Social and cognitive functions require normal activity during development of the posterior cerebellum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical and corticothalamic pathways differentially contribute to goal-directed behaviors in the rat

    Fabien Alcaraz et al.
    Adaptive decision-making critically depends on antiparallel flows conveying distinct information within thalamocortical circuits, highlighting directionality of functional exchanges as a neural principle potentially at play in virtually any brain circuit with reciprocal projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional dichotomy in spinal- vs prefrontal-projecting locus coeruleus modules splits descending noradrenergic analgesia from ascending aversion and anxiety in rats

    Stefan Hirschberg et al.
    The locus coeruleus is organised into functional modules with subsets of noradrenergic neurones independently projecting to the spinal cord and prefrontal cortex to exert discrete, antithetical modulatory actions on a range of pain-related behaviours.
    1. Neuroscience

    A versatile genetic tool for post-translational control of gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster

    Sachin Sethi, Jing W Wang
    A chemogenetic tool has been developed to map and manipulate neuronal circuits with spatial and temporal precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circadian Rhythms: Activity is a slave to many masters

    Andrew D Steele, Ralph E Mistlberger
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    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission evokes a delayed excitation in lateral dorsal striatal cholinergic interneurons

    Nao Chuhma et al.
    Dopamine neurons make novel glutamatergic connections to striatal cholinergic interneurons in the lateral dorsal striatum that are mediated by metabotropic glutamate receptors coupled to TrpC channels.

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