303 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Spatio-temporal regulation of concurrent developmental processes by generic signaling downstream of chemokine receptors

    Divyanshu Malhotra et al.
    A new form of chemokine signaling bias that depends on cell state is identified.
    1. Cell Biology

    Transmembrane chemokines act as receptors in a novel mechanism termed inverse signaling

    Kirsten Hattermann et al.
    In a new mechanism of cellular communication termed “inverse signaling", a transmembrane chemokine acts as a "receptor" for its previously shed form.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral GPCR US28 can signal in response to chemokine agonists of nearly unlimited structural degeneracy

    Timothy F Miles et al.
    Numerous chemokine variants bearing no sequence resemblance elicit similar signaling behavior from the viral GPCR US28, suggesting a mechanism for receptor activation that accommodates extensive ligand degeneracy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T cells swarm by homotypic chemokine signalling

    Jorge Luis Galeano Niño et al.
    Killer T cells swarm around tumour targets by accelerating the recruitment of distant T cells, which upon arrival and target engagement augment the chemotactic signal in a positive feedback loop.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pitx2c orchestrates embryonic axis extension via mesendodermal cell migration

    Michelle M Collins et al.
    Expression of Pitx2c at the onset of gastrulation drives convergence and extension movements in the zebrafish embryo by promoting downstream pathways affecting chemokine signaling, integrin-ECM interactions, and planar cell polarity components.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling contributes to an inflammatory microenvironment and its blockade enhances progression of murine pancreatic precancerous lesions

    Veethika Pandey et al.
    Blockage of CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling between murine pancreatic precancerous lesion cells and inflammatory macrophages generates a tumor-promoting microenvironment.
    1. Neuroscience

    CXCL12-induced rescue of cortical dendritic spines and cognitive flexibility

    Lindsay K Festa et al.
    Unveiling a novel role of the chemokine CXCL12 in the mature brain that opens up new lines of investigation for the development of therapeutics against cognitive impairment.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Blood flow guides sequential support of neutrophil arrest and diapedesis by PILR-β1 and PILR-α

    Yu-Tung Li et al.
    Blood flow-driven shear forces guide the sequential signaling of two antagonistic paired receptors, a critical bi-facet step that first supports leukocyte docking, then initiates transmigration through endothelium.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epidermal RAF prevents allergic skin disease

    Josipa Raguz et al.
    In keratinocytes, the BRAF and RAF1 proteins work independently to balance the activity of mitogenic and stress kinase cascades and uphold the mechanical and immunological barrier functions of the epidermis.

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