232 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A motogenic GABAergic system of mononuclear phagocytes facilitates dissemination of coccidian parasites

    Amol K Bhandage et al.
    Intracellular parasites hijack a conserved GABAergic system of immune cells to promote dissemination.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    High neural activity accelerates the decline of cognitive plasticity with age in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Qiaochu Li et al.
    Chronic excitation of the Caenorhabditis elegans oxygen-sensing neurons alters calcium homeostasis to accelerate the decline of neural plasticity with age.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytotoxic T cells swarm by homotypic chemokine signalling

    Jorge Luis Galeano Niño et al.
    Killer T cells swarm around tumour targets by accelerating the recruitment of distant T cells, which upon arrival and target engagement augment the chemotactic signal in a positive feedback loop.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The alternative sigma factor σX mediates competence shut-off at the cell pole in Streptococcus pneumoniae

    Calum HG Johnston et al.
    Tracking fluorescent fusion proteins in competent pneumococcal cells reveals a polar hub for competence regulation, with the alternative sigma factor σX relocalizing DprA to this hub to mediate competence shut-off.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inhibiting IRE1α-endonuclease activity decreases tumor burden in a mouse model for hepatocellular carcinoma

    Nataša Pavlović et al.
    Inhibiting IRE1α decreases tumor cell proliferation and migration in hepatocellular carcinoma, therefore components of this ER-stress pathway may be therapeutically relevant for liver cancer.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feeding state functionally reconfigures a sensory circuit to drive thermosensory behavioral plasticity

    Asuka Takeishi et al.
    Starvation modulates thermotaxis behaviors in C. elegans via functional reconfiguration of a sensory network by gut-brain signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    PRDM9 activity depends on HELLS and promotes local 5-hydroxymethylcytosine enrichment

    Yukiko Imai et al.
    Biochemical and genetic approaches uncover a chromatin remodeler for PRDM9 binding and the parallel local epigenetic modification of cytosines in mouse spermatocytes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Label-free imaging of immune cell dynamics in the living retina using adaptive optics

    Aby Joseph et al.
    Immune cell motility and vascular response are imaged in vivo and label free in the CNS for the first time, using high-resolution phase-contrast adaptive optics retinal imaging.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Collagen-rich omentum is a premetastatic niche for integrin α2-mediated peritoneal metastasis

    Yen-Lin Huang et al.
    Inhibition of ITGA2-mediated cancer cell-collagen interaction or targeting focal adhesion kinase activity may present an opportunity for therapeutic intervention of metastatic spread in ovarian cancer.

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