297 results found
  1. December 2015

    Episode 26: December 2015

    In this episode we hear about heat-seeking behaviour in mosquitos, mass spawning in coral reefs, social organization in ants, fear in rats and tissue regeneration in newts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thermotaxis: Some like it hot, but not too hot

    Chloe Greppi et al.
    Insight
    Available as:
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-related mutations in PI3Kγ disrupt regulatory C-terminal dynamics and reveal a path to selective inhibitors

    Manoj K Rathinaswamy et al.
    The c-terminus of PI3K plays a key role in regulating kinase activity, with c-terminal disease-linked mutations leading to either activation or inhibition, which reveal a path to specific inhibitors.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A mechanism for hunchback promoters to readout morphogenetic positional information in less than a minute

    Jonathan Desponds et al.
    Maternal positional information in the fly embryo can be read rapidly in spite of the gene-expression bottleneck and general examples of regulatory architectures that combine speed and accuracy are provided.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Formin-like 1 mediates effector T cell trafficking to inflammatory sites to enable T cell-mediated autoimmunity

    Scott B Thompson et al.
    Lymphocyte migration and autoimmunity induction rely on Formin-like 1-mediated actin network remodeling to push the lymphocyte nucleus through restrictive endothelial barriers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Notch signaling restricts FGF pathway activation in parapineal cells to promote their collective migration

    Lu Wei et al.
    Notch signaling controls the collective migration of parapineal cells through its capacity to restrict FGF pathway activation to a few leading cells.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed motility originates from cooperatively pushing and pulling flagella bundles in bilophotrichous bacteria

    Klaas Bente et al.
    Bacteria reach swimming speeds of several hundred body lengths per second and change direction in less than 5 ms by using coordinated flagella bundle agitation.

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