210 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The mother’s risk of premature death after child loss across two centuries

    Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir et al.
    A large-scale, sibling-based analysis of the Icelandic population spanning two centuries demonstrates an increase in maternal mortality rates after child loss on both sides of a major demographic transition.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    The impact of measles immunization campaigns in India using a nationally representative sample of 27,000 child deaths

    Benjamin KC Wong et al.
    Measles immunization campaigns in India accelerated declines in child measles mortality rates and averted 41,000-56,000 child measles deaths during 2010 to 2013.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Seasonal variation and etiologic inferences of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea mortality in India

    Daniel S Farrar et al.
    Nationally-representative verbal autopsies can be linked to seasonal patterns, clinical syndromes, and climate regions to describe novel insights regarding the microbiologic etiologies of childhood pneumonia and diarrhea in India.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Immunization: Reducing measles mortality in India

    Anindya Sekhar Bose
    A large-scale campaign to promote measles vaccinations has substantially reduced the number of children dying from the disease in India.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early alterations of social brain networks in young children with autism

    Holger Franz Sperdin et al.
    Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders have alterations in gaze patterns together with frequency specific network atypicalities between key brain areas of the social brain when freely exploring naturalistic and ecologically valid dynamic social stimuli.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Loss of a co-twin at birth and subsequent risk of psychiatric disorders

    Huan Song et al.
    Findings of this population-based sibling-matched cohort study corroborate an association of loss of a co-twin at birth with risk of psychiatric disorders, supporting the hypothesis of twin-bond development in utero.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Education and Outreach: March Mammal Madness and the power of narrative in science outreach

    Katie Hinde et al.
    Hypothetical battles between animals can be used to interest the general public in biology.

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