81 results found
  1. Episode 52: December 2018

    In this episode, we hear about how flies taste salt, animal personalities, fossil flowers and flying squirrels, and the impact of climate change on seal pups.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Repeated losses of PRDM9-directed recombination despite the conservation of PRDM9 across vertebrates

    Zachary Baker et al.
    PRDM9 is widely conserved across vertebrates yet has been lost numerous times, as has its role in directing meiotic recombination.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative uniqueness of human brain evolution revealed through phylogenetic comparative analysis

    Ian F Miller et al.
    The exceptionally large size of the human brain is the result of accelerating evolution towards larger brains in hominins, but is not the product of neocortical expansion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding the neural mechanisms of human tool use

    Jason P Gallivan et al.
    Imaging experiments reveal that some brain regions do not distinguish between actions performed using tools and those performed using the hands, while others represent these two types of action separately.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Deep transcriptome annotation enables the discovery and functional characterization of cryptic small proteins

    Sondos Samandi et al.
    Conventional annotations of coding sequences have missed thousands of short open-reading frames encoding proteins that are conserved and with specific functions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Tim29 is a novel subunit of the human TIM22 translocase and is involved in complex assembly and stability

    Yilin Kang et al.
    A novel and metazoan-specific protein, Tim29, is identified as a subunit of the human TIM22 complex and shown to function in the assembly of hTim22 and facilitate contacts with the TOM complex.
  2. October 2013

    Episode 5: October 2013

    In this episode we hear about how chimpanzees use conceptual metaphors, hyperactive sperm, the use of bacteria to estimate the time of death, stem cells and smoking, and a new type of bacteria.
  3. August 2016

    Episode 31: August 2016

    In this episode we hear about human height, fish joints, colour vision, chimpanzees using tools and open science.

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