43 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Prickle isoforms determine handedness of helical morphogenesis

    Bomsoo Cho et al.
    The Pkpk and Pksple isoforms of the Prickle protein determine right- or left-handed bristle morphogenesis by coupling Frizzled/Vang signaling to the Fat/Dachsous PCP directional signal in opposite directions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Chiral cell sliding drives left-right asymmetric organ twisting

    Mikiko Inaki et al.
    Left-right asymmetric rotation of the Drosophila hindgut is driven by "cell sliding," a novel cellular behavior induced by chiral cell deformation, in which cells change their position relative to subjacent neighbors as sliding directionally.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell lineage-dependent chiral actomyosin flows drive cellular rearrangements in early Caenorhabditis elegans development

    Lokesh G Pimpale et al.
    Developmentally controlled chiral counter-rotating actomyosin flows drive cell-lineage spindle skews and cell rearrangements during cytokinesis in early nematode development.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Rheotaxis facilitates upstream navigation of mammalian sperm cells

    Vasily Kantsler et al.
    Mammalian sperm subject to shear flow swim in upstream spirals along the walls bounding such flows, thereby demonstrating a robust mechanism for upstream navigation to the ovum.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Active torque generation by the actomyosin cell cortex drives left–right symmetry breaking

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    The actomyosin cytoskeleton generates active chiral torques that lead to left-right asymmetry in C. elegans embryos.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Morphogenetic degeneracies in the actomyosin cortex

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    Distinct molecular functions contribute to the same material property at larger scales leading to degenerate functionality.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Role of D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase beyond chiral proofreading as a cellular defense against glycine mischarging by AlaRS

    Komal Ishwar Pawar et al.
    Along with preventing D-amino acids from being incorporated into proteins, D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylase clears achiral glycine that is incorrectly attached to tRNAAla.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nostril-specific and structure-based olfactory learning of chiral discrimination in human adults

    Guo Feng, Wen Zhou
    Training-induced perceptual gain in the discrimination between odor enantiomers is nostril-specific and structure-based, indicating that early olfactory processing of the chemical features of unirhinal input remains plastic in human adults.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the bifunctional secretin complex of Thermus thermophilus

    Edoardo D'Imprima et al.
    The pilus extrusion/DNA uptake system of Thermus thermophilus contains a 13-mer of the 757-residue PilQ protein and a tightly bound protein outside the outer membrane with a role in DNA binding.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed, three-dimensional imaging reveals chemotactic behaviour specific to human-infective Leishmania parasites

    Rachel C Findlay et al.
    High-speed holographic microscopy shows that Leishmania parasites modify their swimming behaviour to target human macrophages.

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