2,480 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fatal amyloid formation in a patient’s antibody light chain is caused by a single point mutation

    Pamina Kazman et al.
    Identifying the patient-specific mutation that shifted the antibody light chain to the deadly fibrillar species provides new insight in the molecular pathogenesis of AL amyloidosis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin mutations are synthetic lethal with stimulation of WNT signaling

    Chue Vin Chin et al.
    Hypersensitivity of cohesin-deficient cells to Wnt signaling is concomitant with beta catenin stabilization and offers promise that Wnt agonists could be therapeutically effective in cohesin mutant cancers.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Fungal effector Ecp6 outcompetes host immune receptor for chitin binding through intrachain LysM dimerization

    Andrea Sánchez-Vallet et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of a protein called Ecp6, which is produced by a tomato fungus, reveals how the protein prevents plants from launching an immune response to the chitin in fungal cell walls.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optocontrol of glutamate receptor activity by single side-chain photoisomerization

    Viktoria Klippenstein et al.
    Introduction of single photoswitchable unnatural amino acid into a neuronal receptor provides reversible, rapid and robust control of its activity by light, representing an important contribution to the fast expanding field of optopharmacology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inhibition by small-molecule ligands of formation of amyloid fibrils of an immunoglobulin light chain variable domain

    Boris Brumshtein et al.
    Ligands that bind dimers of light chain variable domains inhibit the formation of amyloid fibrils.
    1. Plant Biology

    The kinase LYK5 is a major chitin receptor in Arabidopsis and forms a chitin-induced complex with related kinase CERK1

    Yangrong Cao et al.
    The chitin-triggered immune response is mediated by a LYK5 and CERK1 receptor complex in Arabidopsis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The clonal structure and dynamics of the human T cell response to an organic chemical hapten

    Tahel Ronel et al.
    Chronic exposure to a potent chemical contact sensitizer drives a self-limiting expansion of a polyclonal population of T cells recognizing a small number of dominant antigens.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The naive T-cell receptor repertoire has an extremely broad distribution of clone sizes

    Peter C de Greef et al.
    Combining experiments, bioinformatics, and mathematical modelling, we find large heterogeneity in naive T cell clone sizes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Increasing evidence of mechanical force as a functional regulator in smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase

    Fabian Baumann et al.
    Atomic force microscopy based single-molecule force spectroscopy of smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase strongly indicates the existence of a mechanically triggerable activation pathway analogous to its well-established biochemical regulation pathway via calcium-loaded calmodulin.

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