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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Crl activates transcription by stabilizing active conformation of the master stress transcription initiation factor

    Juncao Xu et al.
    The cryo-EM structure of Escherichia coli Crl–TAC reveals the mechanism of DNA-contact-independent transcription activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A type I IFN-dependent DNA damage response regulates the genetic program and inflammasome activation in macrophages

    Abigail J Morales et al.
    Activated macrophages initiate a robust DNA damage response that depends on type I IFN and regulates their genetic program and inflammasome activation, establishing a mechanistic link between DNA damage responses and innate immunity.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mucosal effects of tenofovir 1% gel

    Florian Hladik et al.
    Mucosal application of the anti-retroviral drug tenofovir, which is intended to prevent HIV transmission, has many off-target effects on the mucosa itself.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits host ATM kinase for survival advantage through SecA2 secretome

    Savita Lochab et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), effectors secreted through SecA2 pathway cause double strand breaks (DSBs) in the host DNA, which in turn activates ATM kinase to gain survival advantages, through Akt.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Evaluating distributional regression strategies for modelling self-reported sexual age-mixing

    Timothy M Wolock et al.
    Integrating the sinh-arcsinh distribution into a distributional regression framework allows us to produce precise, local estimates of sexual age-mixing, facilitating more accurate modelling of sexually transmitted disease dynamics.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Enteric pathogens deploy cell cycle inhibiting factors to block the bactericidal activity of Perforin-2

    Ryan M McCormack et al.
    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli promote pathogenicity by deamidating the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 to block ubiquitin-dependent trafficking of Perforin-2, which is an effector of innate immunity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Targeted surveillance strategies for efficient detection of novel antibiotic resistance variants

    Allison L Hicks et al.
    Sampling informed by pathogen genomic data may facilitate more efficient detection of novel antibiotic resistance than random sampling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Novel ATP-cone-driven allosteric regulation of ribonucleotide reductase via the radical-generating subunit

    Inna Rozman Grinberg et al.
    Structural and functional characterization of an unanticipated mode of allosteric activity regulation in ribonucleotide reductases controlled by an ATP-cone in the radical-generating subunit.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the architecture and membrane interactions of the conserved COMMD proteins

    Michael D Healy et al.
    A structural basis for the assembly of core subunits of the Commander Complex has been discovered.