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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the lysosomal chloride-proton exchanger CLC-7 in complex with OSTM1

    Marina Schrecker et al.
    Single-particle cryo-EM structures of CLC-7 in the presence and absence of its β-subunit, OSTM1, reveal insights into transporter regulation.
    1. Cell Biology

    High lumenal chloride in the lysosome is critical for lysosome function

    Kasturi Chakraborty et al.
    Lysosomes are highly enriched in chloride, which is essential for their degradative function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic lithium treatment elicits its antimanic effects via BDNF-TrkB dependent synaptic downscaling

    Erinn S Gideons et al.
    The antimanic action of lithium requires BDNF-TrkB signaling coupled with enhanced dynamin-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs as a potential mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motoneurons regulate the central pattern generator during drug-induced locomotor-like activity in the neonatal mouse

    Melanie Falgairolle et al.
    Motoneuron activity provides feedback to the spinal network responsible for generating locomotion in the developing mouse spinal cord.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Native KCC2 interactome reveals PACSIN1 as a critical regulator of synaptic inhibition

    Vivek Mahadevan et al.
    Unbiased functional proteomics reveal that protein interactions are a key regulator of the strength of synaptic inhibition in neurons of the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic reinforcement learning for integrating reward collection and physiological stability

    Mehdi Keramati, Boris Gutkin
    A mathematical model built around the assumption that the desire to maintain internal homeostasis drives the behavior of animals, by affecting their learning processes, can explain many real-world behaviors, including some that might otherwise appear irrational.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the potassium-chloride cotransporter KCC4 in lipid nanodiscs

    Michelle S Reid et al.
    The structure of the potassium-chloride cotransporter KCC4 provides insight into the basis of ion specificity, transport stoichiometry, and activity regulation for a broadly physiologically and clinically important transporter family.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endogenous opioids in the nucleus accumbens promote approach to high-fat food in the absence of caloric need

    Kevin Caref, Saleem M Nicola
    Activation of mu-opioid receptors in the nucleus accumbens by their endogenous ligands promotes consumption of high-fat food in sated but not hungry rats, via enhancement of a neural signal that promotes cued approach behavior.