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    1. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis RCD1 coordinates chloroplast and mitochondrial functions through interaction with ANAC transcription factors

    Alexey Shapiguzov et al.
    Signalling and metabolic interactions of the plant energy organelles, chloroplasts and mitochondria, depend on the nuclear regulatory protein RCD1.
    1. Plant Biology

    A cis-carotene derived apocarotenoid regulates etioplast and chloroplast development

    Christopher I Cazzonelli et al.
    Carotenoids are not just required as core components for plastid biogenesis, they can be cleaved into an apocarotenoid signal that regulates etioplast and chloroplast development during extended periods of darkness.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Effects of microcompartmentation on flux distribution and metabolic pools in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii chloroplasts

    Anika Küken et al.
    Mathematical models reveal that under the physiologically different conditions ambient and high CO2, two algal microcompartments are metabolically connected by facilitated transport.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Charting the native architecture of Chlamydomonas thylakoid membranes with single-molecule precision

    Wojciech Wietrzynski et al.
    In situ cryo-electron tomography resolves individual photosynthetic complexes within native thylakoid membranes, revealing how thylakoid architecture sorts proteins into discrete membrane domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Carbon Fixation: Closing the circle

    Marylou C Machingura, James V Moroney
    In Chlamydomonas the different stages of the Calvin-Benson cycle take place in separate locations within the chloroplast.
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    1. Plant Biology

    Homeostasis of branched-chain amino acids is critical for the activity of TOR signaling in Arabidopsis

    Pengfei Cao et al.
    Despite BCAAs being de novo-synthesized in chloroplasts, TOR activation by BCAAs is conserved in plants and triggers a re-organization of actin and actin-associated endomembranes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Formin-2 drives polymerisation of actin filaments enabling segregation of apicoplasts and cytokinesis in Plasmodium falciparum

    Johannes Felix Stortz et al.
    Formin-2 controls spatiotemporal polymerisation of actin filaments, a common mechanism used by apicomplexans for effective segregation of essential chloroplast-like organelles called apicoplasts, and additionally for daughter formation in Plasmodium falciparum.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A new synthetic biology approach allows transfer of an entire metabolic pathway from a medicinal plant to a biomass crop

    Paulina Fuentes et al.
    A combination of chloroplast transformation with nuclear transformation and large-scale metabolic screening of supertransformed plant lines has enabled an entire biochemical pathway to be transferred from a medicinal plant to a high-biomass crop.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.