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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Continuous transport of a small fraction of plasma membrane cholesterol to endoplasmic reticulum regulates total cellular cholesterol

    Rodney Elwood Infante, Arun Radhakrishnan
    A post-lysosomal cholesterol transport inhibitor reveals how the endoplasmic reticulum membrane regulates total cellular cholesterol by constantly monitoring a critical pool of cholesterol in the plasma membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The vacuolar-ATPase complex and assembly factors, TMEM199 and CCDC115, control HIF1α prolyl hydroxylation by regulating cellular iron levels

    Anna L Miles et al.
    An unbiased genome-wide human forward genetic screen identifies the vacuolar ATPase complex and assembly factors as regulators of HIF stability through their actions on intracellular iron metabolism.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Blood-stage immunity to Plasmodium chabaudi malaria following chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite immunization

    Wiebke Nahrendorf et al.
    A novel mouse model of immunization against Plasmodium chabaudi involving infectious mosquito bites and drug-treatment elicits protection against blood-stage malaria parasites, and shows that protection is not necessarily life cycle stage-specific.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Bioengineered human myobundles mimic clinical responses of skeletal muscle to drugs

    Lauran Madden et al.
    A novel bioengineered human skeletal muscle model with accurate physiological and pharmacological responses may provide a useful tool for preclinical testing.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genetically attenuated malaria vaccine candidate based on P. falciparum b9/slarp gene-deficient sporozoites

    Ben C L van Schaijk et al.
    The preclinical evaluation of a malaria genetically attenuated parasite vaccine candidate suggests that it is both safe and effective.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The autophagy gene Atg16l1 differentially regulates Treg and TH2 cells to control intestinal inflammation

    Agnieszka M Kabat et al.
    Impaired autophagy influences intestinal inflammation and hypersensitivity responses by orchestrating mucosal T cell populations, suggesting new translational perspectives for the treatment of these conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The exon junction complex regulates the splicing of cell polarity gene dlg1 to control Wingless signaling in development

    Min Liu et al.
    The exon junction complex regulates the cell polarity determinant Discs large 1, which acts independently from its role in cell polarity to protect Dishevelled protein from lysosomal degradation in Wingless/Wnt signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    BLOS2 negatively regulates Notch signaling during neural and hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell development

    Wenwen Zhou et al.
    The conserved mechanism of Notch down-regulation by endo-lysosomal trafficking plays important roles in the proliferation and differentiation of stem and progenitor cells during embryogenesis or organogenesis in vertebrates.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential herd protection against Plasmodium falciparum infections conferred by mass antimalarial drug administrations

    Daniel M Parker et al.
    Given sufficient population adherence, mass drug administration for falciparum malaria can provide group level benefits, also known as ‘herd effects’.