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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ER–Golgi intermediate compartment is a key membrane source for the LC3 lipidation step of autophagosome biogenesis

    Liang Ge et al.
    A cell-free biochemical assay for protein lipidation identifies the ER–Golgi intermediate compartment as a key early station in the formation of an autophagosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Impaired lysosomal acidification triggers iron deficiency and inflammation in vivo

    King Faisal Yambire et al.
    Impaired lysosomal acidification results in retention of iron inside lysosomes, triggering functional iron deficiency, dysfunctional mitochondria (especially mtDNA loss), and inflammation in vivo in a mouse model of lysosomal disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antibiotic bedaquiline activates host macrophage innate immune resistance to bacterial infection

    Alexandre Giraud-Gatineau et al.
    The anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline reprograms human macrophages into potent bactericidal phagocytes, which are able to control bacterial infection.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genetic interactions of G-quadruplexes in humans

    Katherine G Zyner et al.
    For the first time, the spectrum of genes and pathways interacting with alternative DNA structures called G-quadruplexes in humans is revealed highlighting new possibilities for the pursuit of cancer therapies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential herd protection against Plasmodium falciparum infections conferred by mass antimalarial drug administrations

    Daniel M Parker et al.
    Given sufficient population adherence, mass drug administration for falciparum malaria can provide group level benefits, also known as ‘herd effects’.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The vacuolar-ATPase complex and assembly factors, TMEM199 and CCDC115, control HIF1α prolyl hydroxylation by regulating cellular iron levels

    Anna L Miles et al.
    An unbiased genome-wide human forward genetic screen identifies the vacuolar ATPase complex and assembly factors as regulators of HIF stability through their actions on intracellular iron metabolism.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Cell Biology

    KLHL41 stabilizes skeletal muscle sarcomeres by nonproteolytic ubiquitination

    Andres Ramirez-Martinez et al.
    KLHL41 acts as a poly-ubiquitin dependent chaperone that prevents the formation of pathogenic nebulin aggregates associated with muscle disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A comparative transcriptomic analysis of replicating and dormant liver stages of the relapsing malaria parasite Plasmodium cynomolgi

    Annemarie Voorberg-van der Wel et al.
    This comprehensive transcriptomic resource of dormant and replicating malaria liver parasites highlights the dearth of pathways that operate in the hypnozoites and the need to investigate druggability (i.e. selectivity and safety) of core pathways in malaria parasites.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stress-induced Cdk5 activity enhances cytoprotective basal autophagy in Drosophila melanogaster by phosphorylating acinus at serine437

    Nilay Nandi et al.
    Cdk5-mediated stabilization of Acinus in postmitotic neurons promotes autophagy and the removal of protein aggregates linked to neurodegeneration in Drosophila melanogaster.