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    1. Neuroscience

    Promoting subjective preferences in simple economic choices during nap

    Sizhi Ai et al.
    Neurocognitive processing during sleep selectively biases subjective preferences in simple economic choices when the sleeper is stimulated by covert, reward-associated cues.
    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinforcement biases subsequent perceptual decisions when confidence is low, a widespread behavioral phenomenon

    Armin Lak et al.
    Confidence-dependent reinforcement learning is active and produces trial-to-trial choice updating even in well-learned perceptual decisions without explicit reward biases, across species and sensory modalities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response repetition biases in human perceptual decisions are explained by activity decay in competitive attractor models

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Residual activity from previous trials in a biophysical decision network model causes biases in choice behavior such that a previous response is more likely to be repeated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroplasticity: Exciting experiences make neurons less excitable

    Prakruti Nanda et al.
    Neurons in the brain of a female mouse that respond to the scent of a given male become suppressed after mating.
    Insight
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cutting Edge: Promoting international collaboration and creativity in doctoral students

    Christopher M Groen et al.
    Staff from the Mayo Clinic in the US and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden describe a joint transatlantic course intended to broaden the horizons of the next generation of researchers in the field of regenerative medicine.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Reproducibility in Cancer Biology: The challenges of replication

    Interpreting the first results from the Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology requires a highly nuanced approach.
    Editorial
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research Culture: Co-reviewing and ghostwriting by early-career researchers in the peer review of manuscripts

    Gary S McDowell et al.
    Early career researchers commonly peer review manuscripts on behalf of invited reviewers, often without receiving feedback or being named to the journal.