2,828 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic modulation of decision biases by brainstem arousal systems

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Rapid increases in the brain’s level of alertness, or arousal, contribute to variability in decision making by reducing existing biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Choice history biases subsequent evidence accumulation

    Anne E Urai et al.
    Choice history signals bias the interpretation of current sensory input, akin to shifting endogenous attention toward (or away from) the previously selected interpretation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective increases in inter-individual variability in response to environmental enrichment in female mice

    Julia C Körholz et al.
    The classical experimental paradigm of "enriched environments" is repositioned as a tool to address the question of how behavioral activity and the environment contribute to specific differences between individuals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Attention stabilizes the shared gain of V4 populations

    Neil C Rabinowitz et al.
    Populations of neurons in the macaque visual cortex are subject to shared fluctuations in gain; these signals exhibit anatomical and functional structure, and their variability is diminished under attention.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of economic choices in mice

    Masaru Kuwabara et al.
    Inactivation of the lateral orbital area disrupts economic choice behavior and neurons in this area encode the value of offered and chosen options.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk

    Jessica E Thomas et al.
    Reconstruction of great auk population dynamics suggests that hunting pressure alone could have been responsible for their extinction, demonstrating that even abundant, widespread species can be vulnerable to intense exploitation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attentional modulation of neuronal variability in circuit models of cortex

    Tatjana Kanashiro et al.
    Attention reduces noise correlations through enhancing inhibitory feedback in cortical networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response repetition biases in human perceptual decisions are explained by activity decay in competitive attractor models

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Residual activity from previous trials in a biophysical decision network model causes biases in choice behavior such that a previous response is more likely to be repeated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.

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