85 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic profiling of growth plate chondrocytes sheds insight into regulatory genetic variation influencing height

    Michael Guo et al.
    Epigenetic profiling of femoral growth plate chondrocytes helps whittle-down GWAS height variants to fewer putative functional variants.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Direct measurement of TRPV4 and PIEZO1 activity reveals multiple mechanotransduction pathways in chondrocytes

    M Rocio Servin-Vences et al.
    The application of different types of mechanical stimuli to chondrocytes, either by stretching the membrane or deflecting cell-substrate contacts, reveals that there are distinct but overlapping mechanoelectrical transduction pathways in these cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Inhibiting the integrated stress response pathway prevents aberrant chondrocyte differentiation thereby alleviating chondrodysplasia

    Cheng Wang et al.
    Integrated stress response-induced expression of ATF4 and its transactivation of SOX9 causes aberrant chondrocyte differentiation and skeletal defects which can be alleviated by modulating initiation-factor eIF2α phosphorylation translation control.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Programmed conversion of hypertrophic chondrocytes into osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes within zebrafish bones

    Dion Giovannone et al.
    Cartilage cells transition through a proliferative intermediate to give rise to bone and marrow fat cells in long bones.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dephosphorylation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase contributes to inhibition of bone growth by fibroblast growth factor

    Leia C Shuhaibar et al.
    Fibroblast growth factor induces dephosphorylation and inactivation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase, thus decreasing cyclic GMP production in growth plate chondrocytes and contributing to FGF-dependent decreases in bone growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Heterogeneity of murine periosteum progenitors involved in fracture healing

    Brya G Matthews et al.
    Murine periosteum is highly enriched for osteoprogenitors, many of which express αSMA, but fracture callus chondrocytes are partially derived from other sources.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult chondrogenesis and spontaneous cartilage repair in the skate, Leucoraja erinacea

    Aleksandra Marconi et al.
    The ability of cartilaginous fishes to generate new cartilage through adulthood, and to spontaneously repair damaged cartilage, could shed light on novel cell-based therapies for cartilage injury in mammals.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Activation of hedgehog signaling in mesenchymal stem cells induces cartilage and bone tumor formation via Wnt/β-Catenin

    Qi Deng et al.
    Cartilage and bone tumors arise from chondrocyte or osteoblast progenitors but not differentiated cells or multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) via the IHH-Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Long non-coding RNA GRASLND enhances chondrogenesis via suppression of the interferon type II signaling pathway

    Nguyen PT Huynh et al.
    Bioinformatic analysis of mesenchymal stem cell chondrogenesis identified a novel long noncoding RNA, GRASLND, which suppresses interferon signaling and enhances chondrogenesis.

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