16 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Distinct effects of complement and of NLRP3- and non-NLRP3 inflammasomes for choroidal neovascularization

    Jakob Malsy et al.
    Characterization of the effects of complement- and inflammasome-mediated inflammation on choroidal neovascularization in a mouse model of neovascular age-related macular degeneration suggests synergistic benefits from targeting both forms of inflammation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Role of IL-4 in bone marrow driven dysregulated angiogenesis and age-related macular degeneration

    Takashi Baba et al.
    The IL-4/IL-4Rα axis directory promotes pathological angiogenesis through communications with bone marrow cells leading to neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Cell Biology

    Photoreceptor avascular privilege is shielded by soluble VEGF receptor-1

    Ling Luo et al.
    The eye produces a protein that inhibits the growth of blood vessels in the deep retina, which includes the photoreceptor layer, and disruption of this process can lead to blindness.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primary cilia deficiency in neural crest cells models anterior segment dysgenesis in mouse

    Céline Portal et al.
    Primary cilia of neural crest-derived cells mediate Indian hedgehog-induced signal transduction in the periocular mesenchyme and are required for normal anterior segment development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    eNOS-induced vascular barrier disruption in retinopathy by c-Src activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-cadherin

    Takeshi Ninchoji et al.
    Vascular leakage from pathological vessels in retinopathy aggravates the disease, but endothelial junction stability and barrier integrity can be restored by blocking formation of nitric oxide.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    CSF1R blockade induces macrophage ablation and results in mouse choroidal vascular atrophy and RPE disorganization

    Xiao Yang et al.
    Vascular degeneration of the choroid and RPE disorganization were associated with pharmacological macrophage ablation, indicating that insufficiency of macrophage function may be a mechanism underlying age- and AMD-associated pathology.
    1. Developmental Biology

    LncEGFL7OS regulates human angiogenesis by interacting with MAX at the EGFL7/miR-126 locus

    Qinbo Zhou et al.
    lncEGFL7OS is a lncRNA located at the EGFL7/miR-126 locus that is critical for angiogenesis in humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Suppression of ischemia in arterial occlusive disease by JNK-promoted native collateral artery development

    Kasmir Ramo et al.
    The kinase JNK is required in endothelial cells for the development of native collateral arteries.

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