820 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Temporal dynamics and developmental memory of 3D chromatin architecture at Hox gene loci

    Daan Noordermeer et al.
    Hox genes are activated sequentially and, at the same time, undergo a transition from an inactive to an active chromatin compartment, most likely to prevent posterior genes being activated too early.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Convergence of topological domain boundaries, insulators, and polytene interbands revealed by high-resolution mapping of chromatin contacts in the early Drosophila melanogaster embryo

    Michael R Stadler et al.
    Fruit fly chromosomes are divided into discrete structural domains by regions of decompacted chromatin, suggesting a novel model for the formation of a known class of genetic elements.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Elba, a novel developmentally regulated chromatin boundary factor is a hetero-tripartite DNA binding complex

    Tsutomu Aoki et al.
    A chromatin boundary factor that is only active during early embryo development has been discovered in Drosophila.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Transcription factor MITF and remodeller BRG1 define chromatin organisation at regulatory elements in melanoma cells

    Patrick Laurette et al.
    The PBAF chromatin-remodelling complex is essential for the proliferation of melanocytes and melanoma cells and is recruited to critical regulatory elements by physical and functional interactions with MITF, a transcription factor and master regulator of melanoma.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Human cytomegalovirus IE1 protein alters the higher-order chromatin structure by targeting the acidic patch of the nucleosome

    Qianglin Fang et al.
    Distinct binding of viral proteins to the same region on the nucleosome surface can result in contrasting changes to higher-order chromatin structure in the host cell.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis FORGETTER1 mediates stress-induced chromatin memory through nucleosome remodeling

    Krzysztof Brzezinka et al.
    Environmentally-mediated gene induction is extended beyond the duration of an external cue by sustaining a nucleosome-depleted chromatin structure.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Histone H2B ubiquitylation represses gametogenesis by opposing RSC-dependent chromatin remodeling at the ste11 master regulator locus

    Philippe Materne et al.
    Building on previous work (Materne et al., 2015), it is shown that the ubiquitylation of histone H2B represses cell differentiation by opposing chromatin remodeling at the promoter of the master regulator of gametogenesis, ste11
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    The chromatin remodelers RSC and ISW1 display functional and chromatin-based promoter antagonism

    Timothy J Parnell et al.
    A combination of genetics, expression, genomic localization, and genomic nucleosome profiling demonstrates antagonism between two chromatin remodelers that reveal different mechanisms at different promoter architectures.

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