1,153 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATP-dependent chromatin assembly is functionally distinct from chromatin remodeling

    Sharon E Torigoe et al.
    The Chd1 motor protein performs two functionally distinct ATP-dependent activities, nucleosome assembly and chromatin remodeling, to generate periodic arrays of nucleosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    DNA-mediated association of two histone-bound complexes of yeast Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1) drives tetrasome assembly in the wake of DNA replication

    Francesca Mattiroli et al.
    After DNA replication, nucleosomes are assembled by two histone chaperone complexes each bound to an H3-H4 histone dimer, suggesting the feasibility for a semi-conservative mode of epigenome inheritance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Insights into the molecular architecture and histone H3-H4 deposition mechanism of yeast Chromatin assembly factor 1

    Paul Victor Sauer et al.
    The CAF1 complex binds single histone H3-H4 dimers, and two such complexes associate with extended DNA elements to ensure the deposition of H3-H4 tetramers, the first step in the assembly of nucleosomes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nucleosome disassembly during human non-homologous end joining followed by concerted HIRA- and CAF-1-dependent reassembly

    Xuan Li, Jessica K Tyler
    The human genome is unpackaged to allow DNA breaks to be joined back together, and then repackaged into chromosomes afterwards.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone supply regulates S phase timing and cell cycle progression

    Ufuk Günesdogan et al.
    Controlling cell cycle progression in a developing embryo directly depends on de novo histone supply and a specialized surveillance mechanism for nucleosome assembly.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Cac1 subunit of histone chaperone CAF-1 organizes CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture and tetramerizes histones

    Wallace H Liu et al.
    Biophysical and biochemical approaches reveal new insights into the architecture of CAF-1 and the unique mechanism by which CAF-1 tetramerizes histones H3/H4.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nucleosome breathing and remodeling constrain CRISPR-Cas9 function

    R Stefan Isaac et al.
    The inhibitory influence of nucleosomes on CRISPR-Cas9 is mitigated by nucleosomal DNA breathing and chromatin remodeling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Heterochromatin assembly and transcriptome repression by Set1 in coordination with a class II histone deacetylase

    David R Lorenz et al.
    Set1 has roles in chromatin organization and transcriptome control that are largely independent of histone H3 lysine 4 methylation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rapid epigenetic adaptation to uncontrolled heterochromatin spreading

    Jiyong Wang et al.
    Redundant pathways prevent heterochromatin spreading and ectopic heterochromatin assembly; and plasticity of heterochromatin assembly allows cells to adapt to heterochromatin stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis I chromosome segregation is established through regulation of microtubule–kinetochore interactions

    Matthew P Miller et al.
    Preventing premature interactions between microtubules and protein-based structures called kinetochores ensures that chromosomes are segregated by meiosis rather than mitosis in reproductive cells.

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