1,115 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Insights into the molecular architecture and histone H3-H4 deposition mechanism of yeast Chromatin assembly factor 1

    Paul Victor Sauer et al.
    The CAF1 complex binds single histone H3-H4 dimers, and two such complexes associate with extended DNA elements to ensure the deposition of H3-H4 tetramers, the first step in the assembly of nucleosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    DNA-mediated association of two histone-bound complexes of yeast Chromatin Assembly Factor-1 (CAF-1) drives tetrasome assembly in the wake of DNA replication

    Francesca Mattiroli et al.
    After DNA replication, nucleosomes are assembled by two histone chaperone complexes each bound to an H3-H4 histone dimer, suggesting the feasibility for a semi-conservative mode of epigenome inheritance.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    NuRD and CAF-1-mediated silencing of the D4Z4 array is modulated by DUX4-induced MBD3L proteins

    Amy E Campbell et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 engineered locus-specific proteomics leads to the identification of NuRD, CAF-1, and MBD3L2 as regulators of the early embryonic transcription factor DUX4.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Cac1 subunit of histone chaperone CAF-1 organizes CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture and tetramerizes histones

    Wallace H Liu et al.
    Biophysical and biochemical approaches reveal new insights into the architecture of CAF-1 and the unique mechanism by which CAF-1 tetramerizes histones H3/H4.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aneuploidy as a cause of impaired chromatin silencing and mating-type specification in budding yeast

    Wahid A Mulla et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that purely quantitative changes in the relative copy number of chromosomes can be sufficient to disrupt the epigenetic mechanisms that define the cells' differentiated state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nucleosome disassembly during human non-homologous end joining followed by concerted HIRA- and CAF-1-dependent reassembly

    Xuan Li, Jessica K Tyler
    The human genome is unpackaged to allow DNA breaks to be joined back together, and then repackaged into chromosomes afterwards.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Chd1 chromatin remodeler shifts hexasomes unidirectionally

    Robert F Levendosky et al.
    Oriented hexasomes can be generated using the Widom 601 positioning sequence, which enables straightforward production of nucleosomes with asymmetrically modified H2A/H2B dimers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    CDK-regulated dimerization of M18BP1 on a Mis18 hexamer is necessary for CENP-A loading

    Dongqing Pan et al.
    The stoichiometry and mechanism of interactions of the Mis18 complex with M18BP1 was analysed to unveil the molecular basis of new CENP-A deposition during the G1 phase of the cell cycle.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multiplex image-based autophagy RNAi screening identifies SMCR8 as ULK1 kinase activity and gene expression regulator

    Jennifer Jung et al.
    An image-based multiplex autophagosome RNAi screen targeting all Rab GTPases as well as their GAPs and GEFs identifies the Rab GEF SMCR8 as multifaceted autophagy modulator, which regulates kinase activity and gene expression of ULK1.

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