150 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Structure of the germline genome of Tetrahymena thermophila and relationship to the massively rearranged somatic genome

    Eileen P Hamilton et al.
    The model organism Tetrahymena thermopile carries two nuclei with distinct genomes: an unrearranged germline genome with five chromosomes, and a somatic genome reduced in size by a third and with 181 chromosomes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expandable and reversible copy number amplification drives rapid adaptation to antifungal drugs

    Robert T Todd, Anna Selmecki
    Novel segmental chromosome amplifications in Candida albicans provide rapid adaptation to the most widely used antifungal drugs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of centromere function drives karyotype evolution in closely related Malassezia species

    Sundar Ram Sankaranarayanan et al.
    The centromeres in Malassezia species, by breakage or inactivation, facilitate genome rearrangements that can result in varying karyotypes and contribute to the evolution of these species.
    1. Cell Biology

    The quantitative architecture of centromeric chromatin

    Dani L Bodor et al.
    The number of CENP-A molecules at human centromeres helps to explain how this structure is built and epigenetically inherited.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii leads to neocentromere formation and chromosome fusions

    Klaas Schotanus, Joseph Heitman
    Centromere deletion in Cryptococcus deuterogattii results in neocentromeres, which span actively expressed genes and at elevated temperatures cen10∆ mutants are unstable leading to chromosome fusion and silencing of the neocentromere.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    53BP1 and BRCA1 control pathway choice for stalled replication restart

    Yixi Xu et al.
    53BP1 and BRCA1 antagonistically control a temporal choice of two distinct pathways to restart stalled replication forks in a DNA double stand repair-independent manner.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Mechanical design principles of a mitotic spindle

    Jonathan J Ward et al.
    Precise control of microtubule architecture greatly increases the force that the spindle can exert on chromosomes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Engineered proteins detect spontaneous DNA breakage in human and bacterial cells

    Chandan Shee et al.
    Fluorescent derivatives of a bacteriophage protein that binds double-stranded ends can trap and label genome-destabilizing double-strand DNA breaks in bacterial and human cells, and illuminate the origins of spontaneous DNA breakage in both.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    SMC5/6 is required for replication fork stability and faithful chromosome segregation during neurogenesis

    Alisa Atkins et al.
    The structural maintenance of chromosomes complex, SMC5/6, is crucial for brain development and function as it ensures proficient DNA replication in neural progenitor cells prior to chromosome segregation.

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