212 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Axial contraction and short-range compaction of chromatin synergistically promote mitotic chromosome condensation

    Tom Kruitwagen et al.
    Condensation and segregation of chromosomes during mitosis is caused by a combination of short-range interactions between nucleosomes and the long-range contraction of chromosome arms mediated by condensin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls recruitment of RNA polymerase II to achieve nematode X-chromosome dosage compensation

    William S Kruesi et al.
    C. elegans equalizes the expression of X-chromosome genes between the sexes by reducing the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promoters of X-linked genes in hermaphrodites, using a chromosome-restructuring complex called condensin.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution of gene dosage on the Z-chromosome of schistosome parasites

    Marion A L Picard et al.
    An analysis of gene dosage at the DNA, RNA and protein level yields new insights into the early stages of Z-chromosome dosage compensation in schistosome parasites.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cooperation between a hierarchical set of recruitment sites targets the X chromosome for dosage compensation

    Sarah Elizabeth Albritton et al.
    Gene regulatory elements can target a chromatin regulatory complex to a single chromosome in the genome through hierarchical specification and long distance cooperation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A simple biophysical model emulates budding yeast chromosome condensation

    Tammy MK Cheng et al.
    A computational model of a yeast chromosome, based on first principles, recapitulates in vivo chromosome behavior, and thus provides unprecedented insight into what the inside of a chromosome is likely to look like.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metaphase chromosome structure is dynamically maintained by condensin I-directed DNA (de)catenation

    Ewa Piskadlo et al.
    Condensin I maintains chromosome organization throughout metaphase by preventing erroneous topoisomerase II-dependent sister chromatid re-entanglements.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome-wide mechanisms to decouple gene expression from gene dose during sex-chromosome evolution

    Bayly S Wheeler et al.
    A chromosome-wide mechanism balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes in C. elegans, but no similar chromosome-wide mechanism balances gene expression between X chromosomes and autosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SMC condensin entraps chromosomal DNA by an ATP hydrolysis dependent loading mechanism in Bacillus subtilis

    Larissa Wilhelm et al.
    The Smc–ScpAB complex-a prokaryotic ancestor of cohesin, condensin and Smc5/6-loads onto the bacterial chromosome by employing ATP hydrolysis to capture DNA fibers within its tripartite ring.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex Chromosome Evolution: Culture shock

    Antoine Molaro, Harmit S Malik
    Many different human cell lines, including both normal and cancer cells, appear to converge to a state that contains an unusual number of chromosomes when they are grown in culture.
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