315 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse homeostatic and immunomodulatory roles of immune cells in the developing mouse lung at single cell resolution

    Racquel Domingo-Gonzalez et al.
    Single cell transcriptomics reveal a complex orchestration of lung immune cells during the transition from fetal to air-breathing life to fill context-specific functions in tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, and immunity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A Tgfbr1/Snai1-dependent developmental module at the core of vertebrate axial elongation

    André Dias et al.
    During vertebrate axial extension, the tail bud originates from the activation of a developmental module in a subset of axial progenitors, concurrent but different to gastrulation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Spen links RNA-mediated endogenous retrovirus silencing and X chromosome inactivation

    Ava C Carter et al.
    A long noncoding RNA uses viral mimicry to achieve developmental gene silencing across a chromosome.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-associated mutations in the human TRPM3 render the channel overactive via two distinct mechanisms

    Siyuan Zhao et al.
    Disease-associated mutants of the TRPM3 ion channel are overactive, and they are inhibited by the antiepileptic medication primidone, offering a potential therapeutic intervention to treat this channelopathy.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV efficiently infects T cells from the endometrium and remodels them to promote systemic viral spread

    Tongcui Ma et al.
    CD4+ T cells from the female reproductive tract are unusually susceptible to HIV infection and are altered by HIV in ways that promote survival and systemic spread of the virus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila SWR1 and NuA4 complexes are defined by DOMINO isoforms

    Alessandro Scacchetti et al.
    Alternative splicing of a single gene generates functional diversity amongst chromatin regulators.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila Synaptotagmin 7 negatively regulates synaptic vesicle release and replenishment in a dosage-dependent manner

    Zhuo Guan et al.
    Drosophila synaptotagmin 7 functions to restrict SV availability and release, but does not act as the Ca2+ sensor mediating the asynchronous release and facilitation remaining in synaptotagmin 1 mutants.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Enhancer architecture sensitizes cell specific responses to Notch gene dose via a bind and discard mechanism

    Yi Kuang et al.
    DNA binding site architecture promotes Notch transcription complex degradation to sensitize developmental processes requiring long-duration signaling.

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