48 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Extinction recall of fear memories formed before stress is not affected despite higher theta activity in the amygdala

    Mohammed Mostafizur Rahman et al.
    When the fear-enhancing effects of prior exposure to stress are absent, the expression of fear reflects normal neural activity in the medial prefrontal cortex, not stress-induced hyperactivity in the amygdala.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic hematopoiesis modulates the inflammatory response and larval hematopoiesis in Drosophila

    Wael Bazzi et al.
    Distinct hematopoietic waves interact via transcriptional cascades specific to embryonic hemocytes to ensure the proper immune response in Drosophila.​.
    1. Neuroscience

    Polyglycerol-opioid conjugate produces analgesia devoid of side effects

    Sara González-Rodríguez et al.
    A novel opioid formulation producing analgesia similar to conventional opioids without permeation of blood-brain or intestinal barriers, thus precluding sedation, constipation and respiratory depression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Lpcat3-dependent production of arachidonoyl phospholipids is a key determinant of triglyceride secretion

    Xin Rong et al.
    The enzyme Lpcat3 plays a unique role in the incorporation of arachidonic acid into membranes, which is required for the production of lipoproteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A pain-mediated neural signal induces relapse in murine autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a multiple sclerosis model

    Yasunobu Arima et al.
    Pain sensation induces relapse in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis via a sensory-sympathetic signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    AMPK signaling to acetyl-CoA carboxylase is required for fasting- and cold-induced appetite but not thermogenesis

    Sandra Galic et al.
    A single mutation in acetyl-CoA carboxylase blocking AMPK regulation inhibits food intake in mice in response to cold exposure or fasting causing them to lose weight.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insect endosymbiont proliferation is limited by lipid availability

    Jeremy K Herren et al.
    The endosymbiont Spiroplasma can only proliferate if it can acquire sufficient hemolymph lipids from its insect host.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-146a acts as a guardian of the quality and longevity of hematopoietic stem cells in mice

    Jimmy L Zhao et al.
    Chronic and excessive inflammation can lead to exhaustion of the supply of hematopoietic stem cells and to myeloid malignancies in mice, mimicking important aspects of the myelodysplastic syndrome found in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Knockdown of hypothalamic RFRP3 prevents chronic stress-induced infertility and embryo resorption

    Anna C Geraghty et al.
    A chronic stressor prior to mating has lasting negative consequences on the fertility and fecundity of female rats, which can be prevented by blocking a single hypothalamic reproductive inhibitory hormone.

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