123 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Neutrophils promote CXCR3-dependent itch in the development of atopic dermatitis

    Carolyn M Walsh et al.
    Neutrophils are essential for itch in a mouse model of atopic dermatitis, and promote the transition from acute to chronic itch via induction of CXCL10/CXCR3 signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    MRGPRX4 is a bile acid receptor for human cholestatic itch

    Huasheng Yu et al.
    Bile acid and it's receptor MRGPRX4, but not TGR5, is one of the ligand-receptor pairs for chronic itch in patients with liver diseases.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Autoimmunity: Bringing on the itch

    Daniel A Waizman et al.
    Neutrophils are the first immune cells that enter the skin and cause itch in atopic dermatitis.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct cellular and molecular mechanisms for β3 adrenergic receptor-induced beige adipocyte formation

    Yuwei Jiang et al.
    The activation of beige adipocyte thermogenesis by cold temperatures and β3-adrenergic receptor agonists induce beige adipocyte formation, function and perdurance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of activation-triggered subunit exchange in Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II

    Moitrayee Bhattacharyya et al.
    Closed-ring and open-spiral assembly of the multi-subunit neuronal kinase CaMKII suggest a mechanism for how active subunits shuttle between individual assemblies, propagating stimulatory signals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex commands the performance of skilled movement

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    Optogenetic inhibition demonstrates that the cortex is necessary and sufficient for the initiation and execution of a learned, skilled action.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.
    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.

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