54 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Disease-modifying effects of natural Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in endometriosis-associated pain

    Alejandra Escudero-Lara et al.
    A mouse model of endometriosis reveals that moderate doses of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol produce clear regression of ectopic endometrial growths, pronounced alleviation of pelvic pain and unexpected memory improvements.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence

    Matthew D Lauver et al.
    Cryo EM and a custom subvolume refinement approach applied to mouse polyomavirus revealed the in vivo impact of polyomavirus capsid mutations on antiviral antibody immunoevasion and neurovirulence.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Non-invasive detection of urothelial cancer through the analysis of driver gene mutations and aneuploidy

    Simeon U Springer et al.
    The creation of a non-invasive assay for detecting urothelial cancer could have a profound impact on how we find and treat the disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    A genetically defined asymmetry underlies the inhibitory control of flexor–extensor locomotor movements

    Olivier Britz et al.
    Two classes of premotor inhibitory neurons have specific roles in controlling flexor-extensor behaviors in mice, which is the underlying neural mechanism for limb driven movements in terrestrial vertebrates.
    1. Ecology

    Extinction risk and conservation of the world’s sharks and rays

    Nicholas K Dulvy et al.
    One-quarter of the Chondrichthyes have an elevated risk of extinction, mainly as a result of overfishing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cortical disinhibitory circuit for enhancing adult plasticity

    Yu Fu et al.
    Building on previous work (Kaneko and Stryker, 2014), we report that the specific population of inhibitory neurons that increases the responses of neurons in the visual cortex during locomotion will also, when activated or blocked artificially, dramatically alter adult cortical plasticity, revealing that the aerobic exercise of locomotion is not necessary.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Bedrock radioactivity influences the rate and spectrum of mutation

    Nathanaëlle Saclier et al.
    Subterranean isopods endemic to regions with large igneous rock formations have a higher mutation rate and display an excess of mutations that are typical of an oxidative stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Probabilistic, spinally-gated control of bladder pressure and autonomous micturition by Barrington’s nucleus CRH neurons

    Hiroki Ito et al.
    Ponto-spinal CRH neurons in Barrington’s nucleus are a core component of an inferential circuit that regulates autonomous micturition and generates voids when the bladder is full.

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