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    1. Developmental Biology

    Chloride channels regulate differentiation and barrier functions of the mammalian airway

    Mu He et al.
    The chloride channel Ano1/Tmem16a plays an essential and non-redundant role in the developing airway by inhibiting mucus cell hyperplasia and promoting proper immune function of the airway mucosal barrier.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hexameric and pentameric complexes of the ExbBD energizer in the Ton system

    Saori Maki-Yonekura et al.
    Crystallography and single particle cryo-EM reveal hexameric and pentameric structures of the ExbBD energizer in the Ton system and oligomeric transition, which provides a unique working mechanism and a new vision of dynamic membrane biology.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein-2 intermediate chains play crucial but distinct roles in primary cilia formation and function

    Laura Vuolo et al.
    Genetic knock-outs of the dynein-2 intermediate chains reveals that both are essential for correct cilia function and transition zone organization, but play different functions in the assembly of dynein-2 motor and in primary cilia formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulation of cilia abundance in multiciliated cells

    Rashmi Nanjundappa et al.
    A cell-intrinsic surface area-dependent mechanism establishes centriole-cilia abundance in airway multiciliated cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    The Caenorhabditis elegans Tubby homolog dynamically modulates olfactory cilia membrane morphogenesis and phospholipid composition

    Danielle DiTirro et al.
    A Tubby protein regulates ciliary membrane morphology and phosphoinositide composition in a context-dependent manner.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Near-atomic structures of the BBSome reveal the basis for BBSome activation and binding to GPCR cargoes

    Shuang Yang et al.
    Membrane recruitment of BBSome is coupled to a conformational change, and interaction of the BBSome with GPCR cargoes depends on the GPCRs releasing their amphipathic helix 8 from the membrane.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology
    Chlamydomonas illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single molecule imaging reveals a major role for diffusion in the exploration of ciliary space by signaling receptors

    Fan Ye et al.
    Membrane receptor proteins move through primary cilia largely by passive diffusion rather than by active intraflagellar transport.
    1. Cell Biology

    Functional exploration of heterotrimeric kinesin-II in IFT and ciliary length control in Chlamydomonas

    Shufen Li et al.
    Experimental and modelling analyses suggest a non-linear scaling relationship between IFT velocity and ciliary length that can be accounted for by limitation of the motors.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic change of electrostatic field in TMEM16F permeation pathway shifts its ion selectivity

    Wenlei Ye et al.
    TMEM16F shifts its ion selectivity in response to change of intracellular Ca2+, membrane potential and ionic strength.