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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TTBK2 and primary cilia are essential for the connectivity and survival of cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Emily Bowie, Sarah C Goetz
    Signaling at the primary cilium is important to sustain the morphology, connectivity, and survival of a key neural population within the brain.
    1. Cell Biology

    Electron cryo-tomography provides insight into procentriole architecture and assembly mechanism

    Sam Li et al.
    A detailed description of the structure of procentriole MT triplet by cryoET, along with its associated non-tubulin proteins and its assembly intermediates, reveals possible molecular mechanism for the procentriole assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A G-protein activation cascade from Arl13B to Arl3 and implications for ciliary targeting of lipidated proteins

    Katja Gotthardt et al.
    The ciliary G-protein Arl13B – which is often mutated in Joubert syndrome – is the Guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the G-protein Arl3 and exclusively localizes to cilia.
    1. Cell Biology

    The master cell cycle regulator APC-Cdc20 regulates ciliary length and disassembly of the primary cilium

    Weiping Wang et al.
    The anaphase promoting complex (APC) has an essential role in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis in the disassembly of cilia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordinated genomic control of ciliogenesis and cell movement by RFX2

    Mei-I Chung et al.
    Systems-level analysis in vertebrate ciliated epithelial cells shows that the network of genes activated by the transcription factor Rfx2 controls the development, migration, insertion and function of these cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates NLRP3-dependent inflammation in cystic fibrosis

    Thomas Scambler et al.
    Dysfunction and overexpression of ENaC-mediated sodium influx exacerbates activation of NLRP3-inflammasome mediated inflammation in cells with CF-associated mutations and is modulated by inhibition of these amiloride-sensitive sodium (Na+) channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and activation mechanism of the BBSome membrane protein trafficking complex

    Sandeep K Singh et al.
    Two cryo-EM structures of the mammalian BBSome show how the BBSome is recruited to membranes and activated by the GTPase ARL6 prior to binding transmembrane proteins.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cells and fluid flow drive cyst formation in an invertebrate excretory organ

    Hanh Thi-Kim Vu et al.
    Planarians provide evidence for a common evolutionary origin of vertebrate and invertebrate excretory systems and provide a novel experimental model to study human kidney diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Systematic proteomic analysis of LRRK2-mediated Rab GTPase phosphorylation establishes a connection to ciliogenesis

    Martin Steger et al.
    Parkinson's kinase LRRK2 phosphorylates a distinct subset of Rabs, and LRRK2-dependent phosphorylation links LRKK2 to ciliogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the human BBSome core complex

    Björn Udo Klink et al.
    The structure of the human BBSome explains how the subunits interact with each other and how disease-causing mutations hamper this interaction.