458 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Robust vestibular self-motion signals in macaque posterior cingulate region

    Bingyu Liu et al.
    Macaque posterior cingulate region carries vestibular dominant self-motion signals with plentiful temporal components that could be useful for process of path integration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Medical education and distrust modulate the response of insular-cingulate network and ventral striatum in pain diagnosis

    Giada Dirupo et al.
    Behavioral and neural data converge in showing that medical experience reduces reactions to others' pain and distrust toward the target affects the processing of his feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectional hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex links areas of emotion and cognitive control

    Wei Tang et al.
    A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation and inhibition in anterior cingulate predict use of past experiences

    Jacqueline Scholl et al.
    Neurotransmitter balance in a region in frontal cortex controls how much people use information they have learnt to guide their behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneuron-specific gamma synchronization indexes cue uncertainty and prediction errors in lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex

    Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni et al.
    A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amphetamine reduces reward encoding and stabilizes neural dynamics in rat anterior cingulate cortex

    Saeedeh Hashemnia et al.
    Amphetamine reduces reward signaling by neurons in rat prefrontal cortex, but increases the stability of population dynamics, which account for animals’ increased task engagement, despite reduced reward motivation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal beta-theta network during REM sleep

    Sujith Vijayan et al.
    Two regions of the frontal lobe – the anterior cingulate cortex and, unexpectedly, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – show coordinated rhythmic activity during REM sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat anterior cingulate cortex recalls features of remote reward locations after disfavoured reinforcements

    Ali Mashhoori et al.
    The anterior cingulate cortex intermixes a precise spatial map with a cognitive map of the task, and spontaneously recalls multimodal information about unrealized choice outcomes during pauses in behavior after reinforcements.

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