161 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Depleting Trim28 in adult mice is well tolerated and reduces levels of α-synuclein and tau

    Maxime WC Rousseaux et al.
    Loss of a developmentally essential gene in adulthood is tolerated in mice, thus offering potential therapeutic options for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain comparative anatomy using connectivity blueprints

    Rogier B Mars et al.
    White matter connectivity assessed using diffusion MRI allows one to compare whole-brain organization between different animal species in a quantitative fashion, identifying homologous areas and regions of unique specialization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Active avoidance requires inhibitory signaling in the rodent prelimbic prefrontal cortex

    Maria M Diehl et al.
    Avoiding danger requires inhibitory signaling in the prelimbic prefrontal cortex, as evidenced by optogenetic manipulations based on neuronal firing patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    The causal role of the somatosensory cortex in prosocial behaviour

    Selene Gallo et al.
    A combination of human imaging and brain stimulation techniques show that the somatosensory cortex is essential to prosocial decision making, by transforming observed pain in accurate perception of others' distress.
    1. Ecology

    First bone-cracking dog coprolites provide new insight into bone consumption in Borophagus and their unique ecological niche

    Xiaoming Wang et al.
    Fossilized feces (coprolites) of extinct bone-crushing dogs, Borophagus parvus, from late Miocene (6 million years ago) of California demonstrates consumption and preservation of bones in digestive tracts and potential social hunting behavior by these predators.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value generalization in human avoidance learning

    Agnes Norbury et al.
    Individual differences in generalization of aversive value (but not safety information) during human active avoidance learning specifically predict experience of anxiety and intrusive thoughts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Histone Deacetylase 7 mediates tissue-specific autoimmunity via control of innate effector function in invariant Natural Killer T Cells

    Herbert G Kasler et al.
    The development of Natural Killer T Cells is controlled by Histone Deacetylase 7, a function that combined with its known role in thymic negative selection provides a potential mechanism explaining its association with tissue-specific autoimmunity in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stomach-brain synchrony reveals a novel, delayed-connectivity resting-state network in humans

    Ignacio Rebollo et al.
    Coupling between the gastric rhythm and brain activity at rest reveals a novel resting-state network, characterized by delayed functional connectivity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stochastic processes constrain the within and between host evolution of influenza virus

    John T McCrone et al.
    An analysis of influenza viruses from naturally infected people suggests a tight transmission bottleneck and little positive selection within hosts.

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