145 results found
  1. Episode 44: January 2018

    In this episode, we hear about self-esteem, a new genus of extinct horse, the future of biological engineering, mosquito trackers, and sperm competition in salmon.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative and distinctive coding of visual and conceptual object features in the ventral visual stream

    Chris B Martin et al.
    Perirhinal cortex, a brain structure located in the medial temporal lobe, uniquely supports the integration of visual and conceptual object information.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    KRAS-dependent sorting of miRNA to exosomes

    Diana J Cha et al.
    In isogenically matched colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines, mutant KRAS alters the composition of secreted miRNAs in extracellular vesicles that can then transfer repressive activity to wild type cells.
    1. Plant Biology

    Flowering time and seed dormancy control use external coincidence to generate life history strategy

    Vicki Springthorpe, Steven Penfield
    Models of plant behaviour show that flowering early in a warming world is an adaptive strategy to insulate progeny seed behaviour from the affects of climate change.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competition between antagonistic complement factors for a single protein on N. meningitidis rules disease susceptibility

    Joseph JE Caesar et al.
    Genetic susceptibility to an infectious disease is linked to competition for binding a molecule on the bacterial surface by two host proteins with opposing roles in host immunity.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Reactive oxygen species-dependent Toll/NF-κB activation in the Drosophila hematopoietic niche confers resistance to wasp parasitism

    Isabelle Louradour et al.
    In the Drosophila hematopoietic microenvironment, a regulatory network involving Toll/NF-B, EGFR signaling and reactive oxygen species controls blood cell production in response to immune stress.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Transcription mediated insulation and interference direct gene cluster expression switches

    Tania Nguyen et al.
    The formation of mutually exclusive coding and non-coding transcription units contributes to transcriptional interference and insulation at gene clusters and manages state-switching in response to environmental change.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    A predictive model of asymmetric morphogenesis from 3D reconstructions of mouse heart looping dynamics

    Jean-François Le Garrec et al.
    A precise sequence of left-right asymmetries, combined with mechanical constraints, is sufficient to drive the looped morphogenesis of the embryonic heart tube, with potential impact for congenital heart defects.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Chromosome-wide mechanisms to decouple gene expression from gene dose during sex-chromosome evolution

    Bayly S Wheeler et al.
    A chromosome-wide mechanism balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes in C. elegans, but no similar chromosome-wide mechanism balances gene expression between X chromosomes and autosomes.

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