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    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Integrative neuromechanics of crawling in D. melanogaster larvae

    Cengiz Pehlevan et al.
    An integrative model of coordinated crawling in fruit fly maggots links neuromuscular dynamics to body-substrate mechanics in the presence of proprioceptive feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel inhibitory nucleo-cortical circuit controls cerebellar Golgi cell activity

    Lea Ankri et al.
    The glycinergic neurons of the cerebellar nuclei project extensively to the cerebellar cortex and inhibit GABAergic Golgi cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inter- and intra-animal variation in the integrative properties of stellate cells in the medial entorhinal cortex

    Hugh Pastoll et al.
    Setpoints that determine the integrative properties of neurons in the medial entorhinal cortex are established at a population level and differ between animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral role of PACAP signaling reflects its selective distribution in glutamatergic and GABAergic neuronal subpopulations

    Limei Zhang et al.
    Placing the PACAP/PAC1 signaling within glutamate/GABA cell type and subregional contexts in mouse brain reveals its conspicuous role for sensorimotor circuit interaction through modulating neuronal plasticity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell type composition and circuit organization of clonally related excitatory neurons in the juvenile mouse neocortex

    Cathryn R Cadwell et al.
    Excitatory cortical neurons with a shared developmental lineage are transcriptomically diverse and preferentially connect to each other vertically, across cortical layers, but not laterally within the same layer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Semaphorin 5A inhibits synaptogenesis in early postnatal- and adult-born hippocampal dentate granule cells

    Yuntao Duan et al.
    Mice that lack the autism susceptibility gene Semaphorin 5A show excess excitatory synapse formation in dentate granule neurons and also altered social behavior, adding to evidence that a surplus of synapses contributes to the behavioral changes observed in autism spectrum disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perception as a closed-loop convergence process

    Ehud Ahissar, Eldad Assa
    Perception is proposed to be a dynamic motor-sensory closed-loop process in which information flows through the environment and the brain in continuous loops, converging towards steady-state percepts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory synapses to song premotor neurons are gated off during vocalization in zebra finches

    Kosuke Hamaguchi et al.
    Intracellular recordings in singing birds and images of synapses in deafened birds provide insights into the neural circuitry that enables songbirds to fine-tune their songs.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.