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    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific long-range connections of basal forebrain circuit

    Johnny Phong Do et al.
    Whole-brain mapping of the basal forebrain circuits reveals a connection diagram with highly convergent inputs and divergent outputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extracellular space preservation aids the connectomic analysis of neural circuits

    Marta Pallotto et al.
    Automated segmentation of neurons and identification of synapses in electron micrographs is significantly improved by using simple modifications to chemical fixation protocols that preserve extracellular space in the brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Mapping single-cell atlases throughout Metazoa unravels cell type evolution

    Alexander J Tarashansky et al.
    Mapping single-cell atlases throughout Metazoa systematically characterizes cell type diversity and the evolution of their associated gene expression programs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel class of inferior colliculus principal neurons labeled in vasoactive intestinal peptide-Cre mice

    David Goyer et al.
    VIP neurons are a novel class of inferior colliculus stellate neurons that project to long-range auditory and non-auditory targets and integrate inputs from the auditory brainstem and contralateral IC.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit motif in the zebrafish hindbrain for a two alternative behavioral choice to turn left or right

    Minoru Koyama et al.
    Competition between neurons on the left and right sides of the brain drives the decision to turn left versus right in zebrafish, and potentially all vertebrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Beyond excitation/inhibition imbalance in multidimensional models of neural circuit changes in brain disorders

    Cian O'Donnell et al.
    Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
    1. Neuroscience

    A corticostriatal deficit promotes temporal distortion of automatic action in ageing

    Miriam Matamales et al.
    Acquisition of behavioral sequences in normally aged mice involves short and unusually fast patterns of action, some of which are reproduced by striatal circuitry manipulations in young mice and can be transitorily restored through action-related feedback.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of sleep homeostasis by sexual arousal

    Esteban J Beckwith et al.
    Sexual arousal, exposure to aphrodisiac pheromones, or mere activation of peripheral pheromone-sensing neurons can modulate sleep homeostasis and are able to counteract the effects of sleep deprivation in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of octopaminergic neurons that modulate sleep suppression by male sex drive

    Daniel R Machado et al.
    The balance between sleep and sex drives determines whether male flies sleep or court, and a subset of octopaminergic neurons interact with the Fruitless-expressing courtship circuit to suppress sleep for sustained courtship.