16 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurofascin and Kv7.3 are delivered to somatic and axon terminal surface membranes en route to the axon initial segment

    Aniket Ghosh et al.
    Neuronal neurofascin takes a surprisingly circuitous route in the neuronal plasma membrane to the axon initial segment where it stabilises ion channel complexes responsible for initiating action potentials.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sloppy morphological tuning in identified neurons of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion

    Adriane G Otopalik et al.
    Reliable neuronal physiology can arise from variable and inefficient morphologies.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Walking Drosophila navigate complex plumes using stochastic decisions biased by the timing of odor encounters

    Mahmut Demir et al.
    Visualized odor encounters show that Drosophila navigate spatiotemporally complex odor plumes using random walks biased by the timing of brief and unpredictable odor encounters.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Osmolarity-independent electrical cues guide rapid response to injury in zebrafish epidermis

    Andrew S Kennard, Julie A Theriot
    Skin cells in zebrafish use sodium chloride-dependent electrical gradients to sense tissue injury and guide migration in the appropriate direction to close the wound.
    1. Neuroscience

    Internal models for interpreting neural population activity during sensorimotor control

    Matthew D Golub et al.
    A novel analysis of neural activity recorded in monkeys performing a “brain-machine interface” task reveals that a mismatch between motor effectors and the brains’ internal models of those effectors can explain a substantial portion of movement errors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phagocytic glia are obligatory intermediates in transmission of mutant huntingtin aggregates across neuronal synapses

    Kirby M Donnelly et al.
    Prion-like transfer of mutant huntingtin aggregates from presynaptic to postsynaptic neurons is enhanced by neuronal silencing and requires passage through the cytoplasm of Draper-expressing phagocytic glia in adult Drosophila brains.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential dual-function complex mediates erythrocyte invasion and channel-mediated nutrient uptake in malaria parasites

    Daisuke Ito et al.
    Gene knockdowns reveal that the conserved RhopH protein complex functions in both host cell invasion and channel-mediated nutrient uptake in malaria.
    1. Neuroscience

    Three-dimensional synaptic organization of the human hippocampal CA1 field

    Marta Montero-Crespo et al.
    Volume electron microscopy reveals the synaptic organization of the neuropil of the human hippocampal CA1 field.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rapid DNA replication origin licensing protects stem cell pluripotency

    Jacob Peter Matson et al.
    The unique cell cycle variations of pluripotent stem cells ensures that the first step in DNA replication is particularly fast and this rapid rate, in turn, restrains early differentiation.

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