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    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular resolution circuit mapping with temporal-focused excitation of soma-targeted channelrhodopsin

    Christopher A Baker et al.
    Combining spatial restriction of channelrhodopsin to the neuronal cell body with two photon excitation and calcium imaging will enable production of high resolution maps of neural circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural command circuit for grooming movement control

    Stefanie Hampel et al.
    The identification of a neural circuit that drives a specific grooming movement in Drosophila reveals that it may also control movement parameters, such as duration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical organization of presubicular head-direction circuits

    Patricia Preston-Ferrer et al.
    Presubicular head-direction circuits are cell-type specific, with long-range projections reaching the 'grid-cell area' medial entorhinal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory perception drives food avoidance through excitatory basal forebrain circuits

    Jay M Patel et al.
    Glutamatergic projection neurons downstream of cholinergic cells in the basal forebrain potently affect feeding behavior by modulating downstream reward and aversion circuits.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NetPyNE, a tool for data-driven multiscale modeling of brain circuits

    Salvador Dura-Bernal et al.
    The NetPyNE software tool provides a framework to efficiently develop, simulate, optimize and analyze experimentally grounded neural models spanning the molecular, cellular and circuit scales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paradoxical response reversal of top-down modulation in cortical circuits with three interneuron types

    Luis Carlos Garcia del Molino et al.
    Computational simulations and mathematical derivations reveal why the response of neural populations to external modulation is sometimes reversed with respect to what intuition would lead to believe in cortical circuits with multiple types of inhibitory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interactions between Dpr11 and DIP-γ control selection of amacrine neurons in Drosophila color vision circuits

    Kaushiki P Menon et al.
    The survival of Drosophila amacrine neurons is controlled by neurotrophic signaling mediated by interactions between the cell surface protein DIP-γ and its partner Dpr11, which is expressed on presynaptic photoreceptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for the propagation of waves of muscle contraction in Drosophila

    Akira Fushiki et al.
    Coordinated activation and deactivation of inhibitory neurons triggers sequential muscle contractions that enable fruit fly larvae to propel themselves backwards and forwards.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dendritic mitochondria reach stable positions during circuit development

    Michelle C Faits et al.
    Mitochondria reach stable positions in dendrites during a critical developmental period of high motility.